I. Introduction to the Collie



Scottish Shepherd



Introduction to the Collie



are well known for their coarse and short coat types, but there are many


who breed short coat types


, and this excellent current resident type is often involved in showing.

The exact origin of the Collie remains a mystery, but both types have been around for a long time in the late written history of Scotland and northern England. Since shepherding is one of the oldest jobs in the world, the ancestors of the Collie have a long history in the body. The short-haired Collie, as has set the standard for the breed, has the same standard as the coarse-haired type except for the coat. It was primarily used to guide cattle and sheep to market until two centuries ago when it was used to care for cattle and sheep on pasture.

Working Dogs

Its pedigree was not recorded because their simple owners did not feel the need to know its pedigree. Otherwise, they would have been recorded in good breed books.

The earliest description of a dog similar to these two types is found in a woodcut in Thomas Berwick’s history of the quadruped, circa 1800. The coarse-haired type is described as a “sheepdog” and the short-haired type as a “


. At the time, the rough-haired type was recorded as only 35.6 cm tall at the shoulder, the short-haired was slightly larger but smaller than the Maltiff the Maltiff was not the breed we know today, but probably the basic term to describe dogs of general size, and the rough-haired dog was not only much smaller than today, but had a shorter and wider head and was usually black or black and white.

The pedigree status in the early days was very simple. Unlike our breed records today, the first volume of the British Good Breed Register in fact recorded 78 Sheepdogs and Scottish Collies. It was registered before 1874, and 15 of them recorded pedigree status, but only three exceeded their parents and mothers. 1860 saw the second dog show held at Birmingham Breeders in England, where the first two types of Scottish Shepherds and Collies were classified to compete in the same category. Shortly afterwards, Queen Victoria visited Balmoral Palace, saw the Collie for the first time, was fascinated, and began to fund the development of the breed. Since then, the dog has grown significantly in numbers, not only as a companion for humble shepherds, but also as a companion for wealth and play for the aristocracy and the wealthy.

In an effort to find a uniform standard at that time, the type of Collie was fully modified in 1886. Over the next few years, the American standard changed considerably as well, but in Atlanta, the Collie was somewhat larger and not radically different. Even today, the standard set in 1886 is still the ideal standard for the Collie.

Today, the Collie is no longer needed for herding functions, but has begun to serve families, and dogs are especially attractive to children. For years, he has been among the 20 most popular dogs in the American Kennel

registry. His grace, beauty, honesty, and enthusiasm to automatically protect what he can see and hear make the Collie an ideal family companion.


II. Border Collie Care Strategies

II. Border


Care Tips

Border Collie



Body standards: height 46–54 cm weight 14–20 kg

Ears: large, medium, small, erect or versions of pendulous ears, but not fully pendulous.

Eyes: Round, dark brown or brown.

Hair: Long and short hairs.

Coat color: The most common colors are black and white, with a white patch in the middle of the head, a ring of white hair on the neck, and white hair on the extremities and the end of the tail. However, it is very important that white should never be the dominant color.


The Border Collie is boundlessly energetic, agile and intelligent, and deserves to be a regular winner in agility dog competitions. Some scientists have studied nearly 100 breeds of dogs and found that Border Collies have the highest IQ and the best understanding, averaging as little as 5 – 10 Second, a smart Border Collie knows what its owner is saying. The

adult dog

has the IQ of a 3 year old. He has well-developed muscles in his hind legs, so he has high jumping power, walks and runs with a light, streamlined posture, and can suddenly change speed and direction without losing his balance or grace. The Border Collie is often trained abroad as a Frisbee


or trained to compete in agility dog competitions. Border Collies and their owners always pass the test in silence.

When the Border Collie is older 4 After one month, he will begin to chase any moveable object. If his owner does not stop him, he will want to circle the moving object, much like a sheep drive. The Border Collie will also keep its eyes on the object it wants to conquer, which is the most unusual way for a Border Collie to herd sheep.

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The Border Collie is very athletic and does not run every day. 5 I 1 Therefore, it is more appropriate to keep Border Collies in the countryside or in the fields and mountains. The Border Collie has excellent intelligence. It is the most intelligent dog proven by scientists, and it can even guess its owner’s thoughts, so owners must be strict with basic obedience training to avoid it going uncontrolled at a higher level than its owner is aware of. The Border Collie has a long coat and needs to be brushed daily 10 to avoid tangles in the long coat.


III. Scottish Shepherd Care Strategies

III. Scottish


Care Tips

Scottish Shepherd



Body standards: height 51–61 cm weight 20–30 kg

Ears: small, inverted ears.

Cloak: long white hair throughout the neck, chest, soles and tail, especially on the strong and chest.

Coat color: mainly consists of white with fawn, black, tawny, black, fawn, gray, etc.



dogs can be divided into long-haired shepherds and short-haired sheepdogs. We are referring here to the long-haired Scottish Shepherd, also known as the Scottish Shepherd. When standing, the Scottish Shepherd exudes a noble aura throughout its body. When it lies down, its two front feet are naturally crossed and it is known as the aristocrat of dogs. It is beautiful in appearance, intelligent, stable, tolerant of children, likes to please its humans, and responds to training, making it an ideal family member.

The Scottish Shepherd expresses emotions with the movement of its ears. When the two ears are turned back, it indicates inner tension: when the ears are held high, it indicates a state of alert; when the ears are naturally lowered, it indicates happiness. The ears of the Scottie are very agile, with a keen sense of hearing. 500 It can also hear sounds from meters away. It is said to be very strong. It can travel more than 160 kilometers in a day. He remains intelligent even when running at high speed and has a habit of looking in all directions. The long tail can keep the body balance while running and change the running direction easily. Underneath the soft, gentle coat lies a resolute servant dog personality.

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Sumerian Shepherds are very athletic and it is important to take at least 30 minutes out of your day to run with them for a few minutes to get their bones going and also to develop an understanding between owner and


through exercise time. The Scottie is a double-coated, long-haired


, and to keep his hair healthy and beautiful, it is recommended that you help your dog brush his hair for at least 10 minutes a day. If you keep him at home, it is recommended that he not be kept in a house


or on a leash to restrict his movement, and that he be allowed to walk freely for his physical and mental development. drugs like Ivermectin ivermectin, commonly known as isoamphotericin are quite sensitive and need to be used with care.


Four: Pleasant Care Strategies

IV. Pleasant care strategy

[1. Pleasant



Body standards: height 33–41 cm weight 6–10 kg

Ears: The two small ears on the head grow close together and look like they flip back when excited, they stand erect when warned, and the ears usually droop slightly.

The strong part: draped with a ring of white hair.

Coat color: fawn white, yellow white black or white black.



breed characteristics]

With a highly alert, cooperative, hard-working, and happy personality honed in the harsh Scottish Highlands, as well as its intelligence and willingness to obey commands, the Pleasant Shepherd is widely loved.

The Pleasant Shepherd has a sensitive personality. Hearing the footsteps of a stranger, he will bark sensitively and dutifully at the stranger, and owners should stop

the dog

from barking at the right time to avoid protests from neighbors. When fully integrated into family life, the Heeler will be a devoted family

play dog

, but the Heeler will have reservations about strangers.

Not only can Pleasant endure hunger and cold, but he can also climb and jump. He still retains his natural ability to jump and traverse mountains and rivers. In addition, he has a habit of herding objects into swarms. At home, it will try to drive ants that are on the road into a swarm, and when it meets a child, it will also try to drive the child into a circle. Hilary is highly intelligent and capable of learning; it knows the ability to observe words and colors, and it will observe the status of family members and choose whose instructions to obey. When he identifies with his home, he will enjoy being with his family.

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Pleasant has a double layer of hair that is changed every 4-6 months. The most important thing to keep in mind is to help him organize his hair regularly. Brush its hair for 5 minutes a day to avoid tangles in its long hair. If you want to expend its energy, you need to take it home to a nearby park every day. It is recommended to let Hilary live with its owner so that it can learn from life, not to focus on its


inside, not to be too nervous and to develop the habit of barking at random strangers. In later years, pay attention to eye disease. drugs such as Ivermectin ivermectin, commonly known as isoamphotericin are sensitive and need to be used with caution.

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