1. Basic introduction to the Longhaired German Shepherd


German Shepherd

1. Basic introduction to the Longhaired German Shepherd

[1. History]

There are different opinions about the ancestry of the German Shepherd, and it can only be confirmed that this dog was fixed in Germany in 1880. The dog had been used to herd sheep and fought with the German army during World War I with distinction. Later, soldiers arrived in the United States and England, and appeared in films in 1920 and 1950.

[2. Character]

The German Shepherd is strong, confident, neurologically stable, never timid, non-irritating and docile; alert and tame. The German Shepherd must be brave, tough and aggressive, doing various jobs around the world, such as guard dog, search dog, guide dog, shepherd dog, etc. Also, it is a very popular family dog, loyal to its breeder and can build a close relationship with it. Breeders must be aware of German Shepherds, they are very active animals both mentally and physically.

[3. Body Type]

Height: 60-65cm for males, 55-60cm for females

Body weight: 30-40kg for males, 22-32kg for females

[4. Head]

The head is noble, with simple lines, strong but not bulky, but not too slim overall and in proportion to the body. The male’s head shows majesty, while the female’s head shows softness. From the front view, the forehead is moderately rounded and arched, the head is tilted, long, wedge-shaped in tone, and the stop is not obvious.

Expression:Sharp, smart, and calm.


[5. Body]




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[5. Body]

Neck:Strong, muscular, well-defined, relatively long, and in proportion to the head, with no loose skin. When he is attentive or excited, his head lifts and his neck raises.

Backline:The horse’s shoulder rung is positioned highest and slopes backward, transitioning to a straight back. The back is straight and very stable, with no sagging or arching. The back is short, giving a deep, reliable impression of the whole body, but not bulky.

Chest:Starting from the sternum, full and down to the legs. The chest is deep and wide, not shallow, giving enough room for the heart and lungs to protrude forward. In profile, the sternum protrudes in front of the scapulae.

Ribs: well expanded, long, neither barrel chest nor flat chest. Ribs extend down to the elbow.

Waist:Wide and strong when viewed from above. The hips are long and gradually sloping.

Tail:The hair is thick and the tail spine extends at least to the fly joint. The tail is smooth, joined at the hips, and low in position. At rest, the tail drops straight down and is slightly curved in a saber shape. When the dog is excited or exercising, the curve intensifies and the tail protrudes.

[6. Extremities]

The scapula is long and angled, lying flat, not quite forward. The upper arm and scapula form a right angle. The scapulae and upper arms are well muscled. From any angle, the forelimbs are straight and bony-oval, not rounded. f The bones are strong and flexible, at a 25-degree angle to the vertical line. The claws are short, the toes are compact and rounded and arched, the pads are thick and stable, and the toenails are short and deep black.

When viewed from the side, the entire thigh tissue is very wide, and the upper and lower thigh muscles are well developed and stable, at right angles whenever possible. The upper part of the thigh bone is parallel to the scapula, and the lower part of the thigh bone is parallel to the upper arm bone. The metatarsals the part between the fly joint and the foot claw are short, strong and tight. The feet are the same as the forelimbs.

[7. coat]

The outer coat is as dense as possible, with hair that is straight, coarse and stiff, and flat against the body. The slightly wavy coat is usually bristle-textured hair. The head, including inside the ears, forehead, legs and paws are covered with shorter hairs, and the neck hair is long and dense. On the forelimbs and the back of the hind legs, the hair is slightly longer and extends to the?f bone and fly joint, respectively. The German Shepherd is colorful and most colors are allowed. Intense colors are preferred.

[8. Suitable People]

The German Shepherd is an excellent working dog breed, perfect for training bomb-proof, collection and protection dogs. Due to its large size, it is wary of strangers and protective. Therefore, it is not suitable for keeping apartments in confined spaces. The German Shepherd gives the impression of being strong, agile, muscular, alert and energetic. Very stable, with a very harmonious front and back body.

The ideal long-haired German Shepherd gives the impression of good quality and an indescribable sense of nobility. He has the ability to be a companion dog, a watchdog, a guide dog, a sheepdog, or a guard dog. He is capable of doing any job.


II. FCI Standard for the Longhaired German Shepherd


German Shepherd

II. FCI Standard for Longhaired German Shepherd

[1. Noseglasses black]:If the noseglasses are not completely black, they are out of order The lips fit well and the chin is strong.

[2. Teeth]:42 teeth, 20 maxillary teeth and 22 mandibular teeth, strong teeth, shear bite. or pincer bite did not meet the requirements, and the mandibular protrusion bite failed. Dental integrity. The lack of teeth was a serious defect except for the first premolar.

[3. Eyes]:The eyes are almond shaped, matching the color of the coat as closely as possible, but rather light than dark, and looking straight ahead. The eyes must not be inflated or protruding in any way, and must show liveliness, alertness and intelligence.


[4. Ears]:The ears should be moderate in size, but rather large than small, with wide roots and pointed ends. When alert, the ears are erect and the head fairly high new dog owners should be aware that long-haired German Shepherds and puppies often have droopy ears and erect ears until 6 months of age or older.

[5. Mouth]:The teeth should be intact and strong, with a shear bite and the lower incisors merging behind the upper incisors. Neck:The neck should be strong, long, muscular, and well connected to the body and head. The connection angle is not sharp and is silent.

[6. Anterior torso]:The shoulder is tilted backward. Ideally, a line through the center of the shoulder lobe forms a proper angle with the humerus when the standing leg is perpendicular to the ground. The shrugged shoulder is seriously out of order. More muscles, which are unique, should not be mixed with rough or weight-bearing bones, or they will be out of shape. The shoulder bone should be clean, the front leg should be straight in the back view, but the gum bone should have a small angle with the front leg in the side view, too big an angle indicates weakness, and the body should be good when the bone is sufficient. If a large bone is found, it should be considered out of order. Torso: the body is well muscled, the back is wide and straight, and the bones are well developed. The abdomen does not show tightening of the waist. The chest should be deep and not too wide at the back. The sides should not be barrel chested or flat chested compared to some breeds. The German Shepherd should move quickly, but not have a body like a Greyhound.

7. Rear body: The rear body should be wide and strong, with a wide and strong waist and fairly long and gradually sloping hips. The legs must be very straight when viewed from the rear. There is no tendency for the bull to bend the fly joints or bow the fly joints. Both are extremely severe. Good bend in the hind knee and strong fly joints down. The ability to turn quickly is vital to the German Shepherd and only the right length of thigh bone or leg bone will show the ability to bend the fly joint. Feet: The feet should be round toed, with strong, slightly rounded arched compact toes, thick and stable pads, and short, strong toenails. The upper claw is not out of place nor is it an advantage, but should be removed from the hind legs at 4-5 years of age due to its effect on gait. Tail: At rest, the tail is slightly curved, reaching at least the fly joint. The curve is enhanced with excitement or movement, but never curls beyond the vertical line of the tail root.

[8. Color]: The color of the German Shepherd itself is not important and does not affect its quality or workability, but should be reconsidered if for the following reasons. All white, or near white, unless black spots are present otherwise it is a defect. The final color of the puppy will not be determined until the coat is fully grown.

9. Weight: Ideal height measured from the highest point of the shoulder

Males: 60.9 – Females 66 cm 24-26 inches:55.8 – 60.9 cm 22-24 inches

Between 10:9 and 10:8.5

[10. out of frame]:Long head, narrow collie head or Soviet Russian wolf dog head. Pink or liver colored nose. Upper jaw protruding bite or lower jaw protruding bite. Guards rolled up or distinctly hooked and bent. Inner layer lacks thick fur.

Note: The male should have two testicles that fall visibly into the scrotum.


III. Buying Tips for Longhaired German Shepherd Dogs


Longhaired German Shepherd

III. Tips for buying a long-haired German Shepherd

1. Personality test

When selecting and testing personalities, you can observe whether he is afraid of strangers, can play consciously with people, responds acutely to sounds or shaking handkerchiefs, throws things at him, is very interested, desires to play with others, and is interested in playing with other dogs.

2. Hair color identification

The coat color is black, light yellow, brown, fawn, gray, grayish brown, and fawn. Adult German Shepherds are 55 to 65 cm tall and weigh 35 to 40 kg. The typical coat color is black back and yellow belly with some white spots on the chest, usually black-brown, wolf-gray, but rarely; black has a better tone.

3. Body parts

The chest should be deep to the elbows, knees, and slightly constricted abdomen, and the male’s testicles should be visible and should not be cryptorchid or monorchid…. The limbs should be stronger and the gait should be secure and free. The head and body are even, the forehead is slightly raised, the muzzle is quite pronounced, the headset is erect, the eyes, the tail is statically dangling, and the tail hair is very much like wolf hair. :

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