I. The secret to soft hair
I. The secret to soft hair
Proper hair combing
Before washing your Shih Tzu, be sure to comb the hair to remove any supports and hairballs from the hair. After combing with a round head, use a regular comb to comb through. If you find hair balls, use your fingers to carefully untangle them. If you bathe your Shih Tzu with a hair ball, the hair will stick together. One is that it does not wash well, and the other is that the shampoo stays in the hair ball. If you don’t wash it well, it may cause dermatitis. Groom your Shih Tzu’s coat often. Shih Tzus are a long-haired breed and have long hair on their faces, which can usually be tied up to keep their faces clean.
2. Foods to maintain hair
① Professional dog food: Professional dog food is formulated with dog nutrition experts to ensure that the needs of all aspects of your Shih Tzu’s identity are effectively taken care of. The balance of micronutrients and fat content can help you gently replenish your nutrition.
② Foods that supplement protein and fat: moderate amounts of lean meat, hard-boiled egg yolks, and vegetable oils can help improve the luster of the coat. However, excessive intake of fat can lead to many other problems. When preparing these foods for Shih Tzus, you must be careful not to overdo it.
③ Foods for micronutrient supplementation: seaweed, vegetables and other foods rich in micronutrients, but basically no special supplementation is needed unless your Shih Tzu shows signs of severe micronutrient deficiency.
3. Hair grooming
Shih Tzus should sunbathe more, absorb more UV light, and exercise regularly to improve their blood circulation and grow healthy hair. To protect your dog’s hair, comb it daily and if conditions allow, it is best to apply a thin coat of hair oil. To make the hair bright, but also be careful not to let the dog into the bedroom and should be kept in a cold place. Dobermans and other short-haired dogs should be wiped down with a washcloth after bathing, which can make the hair moist.
Shih Tzu’s beauty is usually cut with scissors to round out the hair all over. To maintain good shape and neatness, you should comb the hair with a comb and then trim it, and the ear tips should be cut round. The root of the tail is cut electrically to 1 cm wide so that the tail curls from the back to the ears. The paws should be shortened and the long hair at the tips of the feet should be shortened to look like a cat’s feet.
II. Taking care of your ears
II. Taking care of your ears
1. Clean ear wax
First, gently pull the hair around the Shih Tzu’s ears with your hands, pull up the ear, dip a cotton swab into some glycerin and apply it to the dog’s outer ear canal, then cupping the Shih Tzu’s ears with your hands, massage the roots so that the oil entering the dog’s ears is evenly distributed, and finally wipe with a cotton swab or small cotton ball. Note: Do not damage the ears.
If the ear wax is too hard, you must first disinfect the outer ear canal with an alcohol cotton ball and then apply 3% sodium bicarbonate ear drops or 2% boric acid water to the ear wax you can also purchase special pet ear drops at your pet store or veterinary hospital. Once the dry ear wax has softened, gently remove it with tweezers. Be careful not to insert the tweezers too deeply. At this point, you should be highly concentrated. If the dog shakes its head, remove the tweezers quickly to avoid puncturing the eardrum or ear mucosa.
Clean ear hair
To pluck ear hair, grab a small handful of ear hair and pull it out quickly. As you can imagine this process can be a little painful, so the dog will feel uneasy. There is a special ear powder that makes this process easier. Squeeze some of the ear powder into the inside of the ear before plucking and then rub it in your hand. The minty, cool ear powder will ease the dog’s tension and reduce the pain. Don’t worry about this ear powder staying in your dog’s ears, because cleaning the ear canal without ear hair is a barrier and Shih Tzus will throw away excess ear powder. Finally, remember to always massage your Shih Tzu’s ears, stroke his head, and comfort and praise him after each ear pluck.
3. Regular inspection
Carefully examine each ear and the external auditory opening once or twice a month. If it is red, brown, or black, the skin on the inside of the ear and the auricle should be light pink. Smell, sick ears have a foul odor. Less earwax is normal, otherwise too much. To clean the ears, first cut the long hairs facing the ear canal. If these hairs are neglected and grow too long, ear wax can build up, blocking air circulation and eventually leading to infectious diseases. This task must be done on a sturdy trimming table and in good light. Place the dog on the table and help bail out if necessary.
The Shih Tzu’s ears are very delicate. Shih Tzu ears in particular are covered with long hair, which is poorly ventilated and easily soiled, and should be carefully maintained. It is also important to clean the ears once a week to increase their ventilation. After cleaning, wipe the moisture from the ears with a dry wipe or sprinkle ear powder to keep the ear canal dry and clean at all times.
Three, clean and maintain your eyes.
Third, clean and maintain your eyes.
1. Eye cleanse
Take a clean towel and use warm water to help wipe your Shih Tzu’s eyes daily, paying special attention to the eye sockets, which are especially prone to hiding dirt. Trim the hair around the eyes to avoid irritation of the conjunctiva and tearing. If the eyes are too dry or have too much discharge, wash them with artificial tears or saline. Watch for changes in the dog’s eyes, such as whether the eyes are moist, whether the conjunctiva and cornea are congested, whether the dog frequently scratches the eyes with its hands or feet, and whether discharge increases.
2. Eye massage
Eye massage three times a week can make your dog feel comfortable and improve the bond between Shih Tzu and owner, while helping the nasolacrimal ducts to flow freely and reduce tear stains.
3. Healthy eating
Try to give natural foods without any artificial preservatives and colors. You can give colored vegetables or fruits For example, carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkins, tomatoes can keep your eyes healthy. If you have room to spare or are worried about not getting enough nutritional supplements, you can give eye supplements that are available in the market.
4. Reduce the burden of other diseases on the eyes
The underlying causes of tearing are: nasolacrimal duct, conjunctiva, oral disease, and ear mange. Pain can make Shih Tzus weep, and humans can weep too. Therefore, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as the disease is detected to relieve the Shih Tzu of pain and eye strain.
Shih Tzus need sun, but try to avoid walking your dog when the sun is full. With a dog with large eyes like a Shih Tzu, dust can easily get into the eyes. If there is dust in the eyes. Turn the dog’s head up and put drops in the eye drops. Lift the dog’s eyelid with your finger and put a drop or two. If you don’t ask where the tears are wet, you will have tear burn the hair and skin around the eye turns red and sags The area around the eye gets wet with tears and needs to be wiped clean with a towel.
IV. Care of dog teeth
IV. Shih Tzu Dental Care
1. Promote oral health
Contact your veterinarian for a thorough oral exam. Your pet may need a dental cleaning just like a human and will require professional attention. When scaling, you will need to anesthetize your pet. Anesthesia can reduce the risks associated with it. If you are concerned about anesthesia, discuss it with your veterinarian.
2. Home care
A toothbrush is an effective way to remove tartar. Most veterinarians often brush their teeth when introducing oral hygiene. It is very important that the toothbrush is soft and shaped to fit your pet’s mouth and teeth. Pet toothpaste is scented and absorbed without rinsing. Do not use toothpaste and sodium bicarbonate, which often contain ingredients that dogs cannot tolerate. If you can’t brush your pet’s teeth, your veterinarian will refer your pet to an antibacterial cleaner or detergent. This is made specifically for pets and slowly removes buildup from the teeth every day.
Diet is a major contributor to tartar and calculus. Soft or sticky substances can form plaque and cause disease around the teeth. Newly developed and cookies, as well as newly developed foods, can help eliminate plaque from the teeth. In addition, dog chews can be used for cats and dogs. When you are not brushing his teeth, you can chew on some dog chews, which is a great way to get rid of plaque. However, only a toothbrush can remove plaque and any food left in the teeth. Plaque can cause bacterial growth and inflammation and infection.
Brushing your pet’s teeth
First, find a time when both you and your pet are idle, and for the first few days, as usual, while you are holding him, simply brush. A minute or two of gently stroking your cheek with your finger can be appropriately protective and praiseworthy. Rub a little animal toothpaste on your finger and let your pet taste it; after a few days, he’ll get used to it. Your pet likes the toothpaste, then consider how to treat it, then guide your pet to use a toothbrush or hand brush, foam a little toothpaste on the toothbrush, gently lift the upper lip and gently brush the teeth and gums along the toothbrush, slowly in a circular motion. Gradually increase the amount of brushing each day, but go slow, don’t brush too far, and increase the brushing time to about 30 seconds, brushing to every corner. Give your pet some praise and rewards after brushing. If you have any further questions about brushing your pet’s teeth, go ahead and contact your veterinarian.
Gum disease is a common condition that veterinarians see today. The problem begins with tartar and plaque on your pet’s teeth. Plaque contains a lot of bacteria that can infect the gums and roots of the teeth and cause dental disease. In addition to the effects on the mouth, bacteria can enter the bloodstream through the blood vessels near the teeth and gums. Recent studies have shown that some heart and kidney diseases are associated with these bacteria. Be patient enough to give it lots of touch and praise, slowly and gently. Soon, both you and your Shih Tzu will want to spend some time on this important health care process.
V. Shih Tzu Foot Care
V. Shih Tzu Foot Care
1. Trim the sole of the foot
On the soles of the Shih Tzu’s feet, a lot of hair also grows between the crevices of the meatballs. If this part of the hair grows too long, it will cover the meatball, making the Shih Tzu unable to stretch freely when walking and prone to slips and falls when walking on smooth ground. So trim the hair on the bottom of the feet too long often to keep the feet neat and tidy. The hair under the Shih Tzu’s feet grows quickly, so try to trim it to the shortest possible length each time you trim it, but be careful not to cut the skin. In addition, the Shih Tzu’s feet should be fixed before trimming. Immediately after walking back, check the soles of the feet for rocks or trash.
Protecting dog mats
A Shih Tzu stepping on a sun-baked asphalt path during a hot weather walk can cause burns. After all, flesh pads are part of the skin, and flesh pads are slow to respond to temperature. Dogs that like to walk will continue to play even if they feel hot. Therefore, when the weather is hot, it is best to avoid going out for midday and afternoon walks to avoid burning your Shih Tzu’s tiny fleshy pads. The outdoor environment is dirty. After going outside, Shih Tzu’s toes sometimes get sticky and build up or redden between them. It is necessary to choose some proper care to prevent dirt from collecting on the pads of the feet.
Regular nail trimming
Shih Tzus in the city are more urban now, so they are not as versatile with their paws. Not only are nails that are too long useless to them, but they can easily hurt themselves or others. Like dogs that spend most of their time indoors, nails that are too long can catch unstable ground and slip during movement, leading to serious problems such as broken bones. Therefore, it is necessary to trim your Shih Tzu’s nails regularly.
The dog’s foot is injured
If a Shih Tzu accidentally cuts a sharp object, causing heavy bleeding, the parents should take the Shih Tzu home and apply pressure to the bleeding wound with cotton for about one minute. If the bleeding does not improve after one minute, a bandage should be tied about 5 cm from the bleeding location to prevent some blood from flowing into the wound location. However, this method should not be continued for too long because it will lead to tissue necrosis because there is not enough blood supply to the area below the wound. If the dog has heavy bleeding, the wound should be wrapped in cotton and tied tightly with a bandage. Be careful not to wrap with elastic cord or other structural material. Take him to the doctor as soon as possible after the wound is treated.
Try to wash your Shih Tzu’s feet as little as possible with bath soap because the detergent does not clean easily. Even if they look clean, Shih Tzus still have residue on their toes. If the Shih Tzu doesn’t like the smell of the shampoo, he will continue to lick. Over time, it can cause inflammation of the toes and interdigital toe infections.