I. Keeping warm in winter ①
I. Winter warmth chapter
Flu prevention measures
The winter weather is cold and the focus of management during this period is on cold insulation and preventing respiratory infections. The main focus of management during this period is to protect against cold and heat, and to prevent respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia secondary to exercise.
Effective measures to prevent colds are heat preservation, thicken the mattress, pay attention to timely replacement, keep dry and prevent cold air; strengthen the dog’s outdoor exercise, enhance physical fitness and improve the dog’s ability to resist disease. Let the dog sun not only keep warm, but also disinfection and sterilization, to promote the absorption of calcium, especially conducive to the growth and development of puppy bones, to prevent puppy rickets. Even long-haired breeds, because there is no long dog hair, resistance is insufficient, especially afraid of sudden cold air and cold.
[How to protect your dog from the cold]
1. You can put some old clean blankets and thick towels in the litter to help keep the puppy warm . If you buy and keep a puppy home alone, it is easy to catch a cold because it has left the pack, it is hard to snuggle and keep each other warm, siblings play less, or even have a fever. Do not put the dog in too drafty a place to prevent freezing. Especially puppies 6-8 weeks old are most likely to catch a cold.
2. The temperature of the kennel should be kept between 13-15°C in winter. The puppy ring can also be kept warm by imitating a plastic greenhouse, while blocking all gaps in the walls to prevent wind intrusion from thieves. If conditions allow, infrared lights and fire walls between walls can be used. Dog beds should generally be equipped with thick padding, frequent sunlight changes and kept dry. When the sun is bright and warm, let the dog get more sunlight, strengthen exercise, enhance physical fitness and improve resistance to disease.
3. Winter temperatures are cold, so pay attention to cold insulation and sunbathing to prevent winter respiratory diseases and rheumatism. The first thing to do in winter management is to pay attention to the cold and warmth of the kennel. Move the kennel to a sunny place and hang curtains at the entrance of the kennel to prevent the cold wind string; second, the mattress should be thicker and should be changed and sunbathed frequently to keep it dry; third, prevent the invasion of thieves’ wind, block the north wall hole and close the north window. On sunny days, we should pay attention to proper window opening and ventilation to keep the air in the kennel fresh and reduce ammonia. Prevention of respiratory diseases is sunny days and warm times. Take the dog out for sunbathing to strengthen the body and improve resistance to disease. Sunbathing not only keeps you warm, but also sterilizes ultraviolet light, promotes calcium absorption, facilitates the growth and development of dog bones, and prevents puppies from developing Heilou disease.
4. In cold temperatures, dogs use a lot of calories. Therefore, foods containing more cream, offal and vitamin A and fat should be added to the winter feed mix. This type of feed will quickly replenish calories and improve the dog’s resistance to the cold.
I. Keeping warm in winter②
1. Long-haired dogs don’t need to wear clothes
A dog is not an animal that is terribly afraid of the cold. Most dogs have enough superficial body defense to withstand the winter cold. Some dogs have long, thick hair. For example, many sheepdogs, long-haired dogs, or sled dogs not only have thick hair, but they grow a thick undercoat of fleece in the winter. There is no need to dress such a dog.
2. Strong or easily fattened short-haired dogs do not need to wear clothes
Dressing your dog in the winter is more for short-haired dogs. But even if your dog is short-haired, he doesn’t need to be dressed 100% of the time. Dogs like pug, pit bull, short-haired sausage, and other dogs that tend to get fat don’t need to be dressed in winter. They have enough body fat. Dressing such dogs can sometimes interfere with their exercise. For very strong dogs like Spotted, Labrador, Great Dane, Rottweiler, etc., there is no need to dress them in winter to ward off the cold because they are very strong and over-protection will reduce their resistance.
3. Short-haired thin dogs should wear clothes in winter
Although most dogs are not afraid of the cold, some breeds that are born toy dogs are still physically weak. The most obvious example is the Chihuahua. These pocket puppies are thin and do not have the protection of a thick coat of fur. They are born and raised in a hothouse. When they get cool winds in the fall, they shiver. In addition, because this dog is thin, if it gets sick, it can easily get worse, and it is good for this dog to be clothed in cold weather. If your dog is not a Chihuahua, but they also have these characteristics: thin, short and poor body condition. When winter comes, it is best to consider giving small clothes to ward off the cold.
Generally speaking, most dogs don’t need to be dressed in the winter. Of course, if your dog wears cute clothes and you really want him to go out in little clothes to show off, you might as well let him go out in clothes occasionally, but occasionally is good, you don’t have to do this every day to save your little guy from getting used to wearing clothes and coming back with a cold on a cold day without going out in clothes.
In theory, dogs don’t need to be dressed and most dogs especially long haired dogs can winter outdoors, but of course they do need a den. Now dogs need to wear some clothes to help protect them from the cold outside because they’ve been indoors for a long time, under the care of their owners, and their physical resistance and cold ability is reduced, but they don’t need to be too thick, and wearing clothes for long periods of time isn’t good for their skin, just go outside and wear them! If some puppies have been kept and slept indoors and the difference between the outside temperature and the inside temperature is more than 25 degrees Celsius, it is best to wear clothes when you go out for a walk.
II. Winter illnesses
II. Winter illnesses
[Dog heart disease]
Cold weather is the peak season for cardiovascular disease attacks, not only in humans, but in dogs as well. Pet hospitals have found that many dogs also suffer from heart disease because of the cold weather and reduced activity. Between 10% and 20% of dogs suffer from emergency departments at night.
More and more sick dogs have been admitted to the hospital recently because of cardiovascular disease. In addition to the cold weather, they are actually of a certain age and fat. If the owner spoils him too much and lets the dog nestle in the house, they can give the dog a heart attack. In severe cases, they can breathe and even dry cough overnight. Some dog owners cannot sleep in the middle of the night listening to their dog’s dry cough. They are taken to the hospital for emergency treatment. Only then did they discover that the dog was dying from poor circulation and spiking blood pressure.
Although there is no special animal sphygmomanometer, if a dog shows signs such as panting, poor spirits, and loss of appetite, he will be suspected of having cardiovascular disease. The dog owner can observe the pulsations in the femoral artery in the dog’s hind legs and crotch. If green tendons or accelerated pulsations are present, it may be hypertension.
[Dogs with colds]
With the cold winter weather, the focus of management during this period should be on cold and heat protection and prevention of respiratory disease. The rain and wind and humidity in the kennel after exercise can cause colds. Severe cases may also be secondary to bronchitis, pneumonia and other respiratory diseases. In particular, the average puppy and puppies have poor cold tolerance and are prone to respiratory diseases. When a puppy has a cold, it should never be kept in an unclean place with heavy urine odor, otherwise it may cause chronic bronchitis.
Colds are the cause of all diseases, and dogs suffer from many other diseases caused by colds. Even if it is just a small cold, it is important to treat it promptly to avoid trouble later. Signs when your dog feels cold:Making wailing sounds, shivering, anxiety, walking slowly, looking around, etc. When these signs are present, take your dog home or into a room close by. If possible, please pick up the dog.
Dogs prone to colds are:>
1. Puppies under 6 months of age;>
2. In older dogs and dogs with arthritis, cold temperatures can stiffen joints and cause pain when walking;>
3. Dogs with diabetes, heart disease, endocrine disorders, kidney disease, as these dogs have difficulty regulating their body temperature;>
4. Underweight dogs;>
Dogs with short legs, in the snow, have their bodies easily touching the snow.
Effective measures to prevent colds are to prevent cold and heat, thicken the mattress, pay attention to timely replacement, keep dry and prevent cold wind; strengthen outdoor exercise, enhance physical fitness and improve resistance to disease. Letting your dog bask in the sun not only keeps him warm, but also disinfects and sterilizes him, promotes calcium absorption, especially for the growth and development of puppy bones, and prevents puppy rickets. During the winter, vaccinations should be carried out in a timely manner. Prevent colds and infectious diseases, enhance resistance to disease and strengthen the force. Vaccination dog six vaccine and dog litter cough vaccine is particularly important.
III. Winter care ①
III. Winter care
[Please note for dog bathing]
1. Winter bathing should be noted
Avoid frequent bathing. Dogs do not need to be bathed daily because they do not produce sebum as well as humans. Frequent bathing not only washes away the sebum that protects the skin, but also increases the dog’s chances of developing skin diseases. Owners should not be greedy for the convenience of using human shampoo, because human shampoo is too alkaline, but also affects the sebum secretion of the dog. Cold baths are good for health if the dog is used to them from a young age, but for puppies and dogs not used to cold water, they can easily catch a cold.
2. Short coats make you sick
You can’t cut your hair too short in cold winter weather. If it’s cut too thin, the dog loses its natural cold barrier and has a hard time staying warm, even with clothes on.
3. Perfume for people is too exciting
No perfume dogs sometimes smell very strongly, especially in winter with less bathing, and it can get worse, but owners remember not to use perfume to avoid the smell because people use perfumes with high alcohol content that can irritate the dog’s skin and can seriously make the dog suffer from skin diseases.
III. Winter care②
[Dogs still need exercise in winter]
Exercise with your dog, with care:
1. Keep exercising and maintain adequate exercise and play time.
2. Remember not to exercise after eating, as this is likely to cause digestive problems.
3. Try to avoid exercising your dog before and after feeding.
4. Jogging, walking, hiking, or playing Frisbee with your dog can help them get fit and help them control their weight in the winter so they don’t get fat.
5. Be careful to keep the cold out when you go out for exercise. Short-haired dogs and dogs with health problems can wear cold-proof clothing made of thick material when they go out. Take care to keep warm from the cold. Rain, wind, and wet kennels after exercise can cause colds. Severe cases can also induce bronchitis, pneumonia and other respiratory diseases
diseases. Effective measures to prevent colds are to prevent cold and warmth, thicken the padding, pay attention to timely replacement, keep dry, and prevent cold wind.
1. Be careful to keep warm. Breeds with thin, short coats, such as the Greyhound Wheaten, or patients with arthritis, should wear special winter coats.
2. Clean pilot water is always available.
3. Prevent frostbite in dogs.
4. You should clean your dog’s bed and change the mattress frequently. This is not only good for your dog’s health, but also keeps the air in the room fresh.
5. Be careful not to place the kennel in an area where there is an overhead breeze.
For dogs in winter, the sun is their best friend. Enhance your dog’s outdoor exercise on sunny and warm days to strengthen their body and improve their resistance to disease. Letting your dog bask in the sun not only keeps them warm, the ultraviolet rays of the sun can kill hair bacteria and help with calcium absorption, especially for the growth and development of puppy bones, preventing them from developing chondromalacia.