1. Hair growth cycle of pet dogs

Border Collie

Border Collie

1. Hair growth cycle of pet dogs

Dogs’ hair grows throughout their lives, and most of it is shed. The basic cycle of hair growth is divided into three stages:early growth, mid-growth, and end-growth. The early growth stage is when the hair grows from the papillae. Once it grows to the proper length, the hair stops growing. At this point, the hair remains attached to the nipple, the mid-growth phase. Finally, the papilla contracts and relaxes its hold on the original hair before growing a new hair, which is the end of growth. The old hair is often shed or pushed off by the new hair. The entire growth process varies in different parts of the dog. The growth cycle is often related to grooming patterns.

A dog’s skin consists of two basic layers, the epidermis outer layer and the dermis inner layer. The dog’s skin is not as thick as that of humans, and the defensive function of the human epidermis is replaced by the dog’s hair. The dermis contains blood vessels, skin glands including sebaceous glands and hair follicles, and dog hair grows through the epidermis. In humans, the epidermis and dermis are interlaced with lines connecting them, making the skin curved, but in dogs, except for the thick skin of the nose and soles of the feet, the skin? There are few threads. But dogs have many more hair follicles than humans, which helps to combine the two dermis.

Almost all dogs except some hairless dog breeds are covered with a thick coat of fur. The fur consists of a large number of single hairs, each of which grows from a hair follicle. At the base of the hair follicle, a small papilla produces keratin, known as hair. Hairs grow in a follicular complex of several hairs, including a primary hair, or guard hair, which is a coarse, stiff outer hair, and several secondary hairs that form a soft inner hair. Most hair follicles have small muscle attachments, and because these muscle attachments are at acute angles, muscle contraction causes “hair shrugging”.


2. Comprehensive hair care for pet dogs 1. Food therapy care]




II. Comprehensive hair care for pet dogs

A dog’s coat can be divided into long, medium, and short hairs, with qualities such as straight, curly, wavy, silky, coarse, bristly, fine, and fluffy. In the case of long-haired dogs, there are cottony short hairs i.e., fluff under the long hairs. Of course, dog hair changes with the seasons.

[1. Dietary care]

The quality of the hair is directly related to the nutritional status of the dog, so to have good hair color, you have to eat well.

First of all, we need to know what nutrition helps to improve the coat quality of our dogs.

Protein-Adequate protein ensures the quality of your dog’s hair growth, resulting in faster, stronger hair growth and improved split ends. Especially for long-haired dogs, adequate protein is less likely to break the hair.

Vitamin E – Vitamin E has anti-aging and antioxidant effects, improves the body’s immunity, protects the integrity and function of cell membranes, and keeps the coat healthy.

Vitamin D – Vitamin D is essential for proper bone calcification, it promotes intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphorus, and helps the skin and hair absorb and break down nutrients.

Fat – Fat is the main substance that keeps your dog’s coat bright and helps it absorb other nutrients. A lack of fat can cause itchy skin, increased dandruff, and a rough, dry coat.

So what kind of food will keep your dog’s coat healthy?

①Professional dog food

Professional dog food is formulated with dog nutrition experts to ensure that all aspects of dog identity are effectively taken care of. The balance of micronutrients and fat content can help you gently replenish your nutrition.

② Food supplementation with protein and fat

Moderate amounts of lean meat, hard-boiled egg yolks, and vegetable oils all contribute to a high coat luster. However, excessive intake of fat can lead to many other problems. When preparing these foods for your dog, be careful not to have too much.

③ Foods for micronutrient supplementation

Seaweeds and vegetables are micronutrient-rich foods, but essentially no special supplementation is needed unless your dog shows signs of severe micronutrient deficiency.


2. Comprehensive care of pet dog’s hair 2. Diligent care] ①</span

Cocker Spaniel

Cocker Spaniel

[2. diligent care]


Grooming is a very important part of your dog’s daily care.

[Benefits of frequent hair brushing]

Regular grooming of your dog’s coat not only removes shed hair dirt and dust and prevents tangles, but also promotes blood circulation, strengthens skin resistance and relieves fatigue.

[Method of grooming the coat]

Comb once in the morning and once in the evening for 5 minutes a day.

[Grooming order]

Starting from the neck, from front to back, top to bottom, from neck to shoulders, then according to the back, chest, waist, abdomen, body, then the head, and finally the limbs and tail, combing one side to the other.

[Combing hair]

Comb the hair in the direction of hair growth and comb it quickly. Some people comb long-haired dogs with only the surface of the long hair and neglect to comb the undercoat hair underneath. The dog’s undercoat is soft and dense and can easily form tangles and even cause eczema, ringworm or other skin diseases if left uncombed for a long time. When combing a long-haired dog, you should comb layer by layer, i.e. turn up the long hair and then comb the bottom hair.


2. Comprehensive hair care for dogs 2. Diligent care] ②</span



②Open hair knot

Hair knots are an embarrassing topic. If your dog has knots, it only shows that you usually don’t take enough care of him. If there are knots, take care of them as soon as possible or you could easily develop more skin problems.

[Method of opening hair knots]

For dogs with severe tangles, a comb or wire brush should be used to comb along the direction of hair growth from the tips and then to the roots. Little by little, do not comb hard as it may cause pain or hair pulling. If the rolling felt is serious, you can use scissors to cut the felt pieces along the direction of the hair root and then comb. If you still can’t comb it, you can only cut the felt.

[Precautions for opening hair knots]

1. When a dog’s hair gets wet and then dries and dries, they shrink like wool. At this time, combing them is impossible, so a dog in knots should never get wet.

2. Dealing with knots is a test of patience. The dog owner must give 12 points of patience. If he is patient, he will be able to open the knots.

3. Start by combing through the knots at the ends of your hair, then slowly move to the roots. When you feel that the hair has been combed, then smooth the hair with a bristle brush. A smoothing spray enriched with goat oil will make combing easier.

4. If your dog is tangled in more than one place, or if the knots are too severe, it should not take too long to tidy up. No more than 10 minutes of grooming at a time, with moderate breaks and encouragement, will help dissuade the dog from resisting the struggle.


2. Comprehensive hair care for pet dogs 2. Diligent care】③④

Scottish Sheepdog

Scottish Shepherd

③ Bathing

Proper bathing practices are also key to ensuring the quality of your dog’s coat.

Things to keep in mind when taking a bath are:

1. Be sure to comb the coat before bathing so that you can comb through tangled hair and prevent it from becoming more tangled. To ease the dog’s pain when combing, one hand can hold the hair shaft while the other hand can comb.

2. The temperature of the bathing water should not be too high or too low, generally 36°C in spring and 37°C in winter is appropriate, too cold or too hot water can adversely affect the dog’s hair follicles.

3. When bathing, be sure to prevent shampoo from being combed into the dog’s eyes and ears. Rinse thoroughly and don’t let the shampoo stay on your body, it can irritate the skin and cause skin inflammation.

4. Bathe in the afternoon or at noon, and do not bathe in high air humidity or on rainy days. Because bathing removes a lot of oil, don’t leave the dog in the sun to dry after bathing.

5. You should not bathe too often. Frequent bathing washes away the oil layer of the coat and skin, which may cause skin disorders and dry and split ends in the hair.

④ Sunbathing and adequate exercise

Tanning is definitely good for your dog’s hair growth. The right amount of UV radiation can kill harmful bacteria, and with enough exercise, it can stimulate his blood circulation, which helps him grow healthy hair.


III. Different types of grooming methods for dogs ①



III. Different types of grooming methods for dogs

[1. Breed: Smooth also divided into short-haired and long-haired]

[Basic grooming]

This dog is easiest to comb, short-haired hound glove is fine, long-haired types may need a comb and a thin brush.


Don’t shower too often to avoid losing your hair waterproof oil.

2. Variety: Silky

[Basic grooming]

This dog only needs frequent brushing, a little neglect and tangles, and even more frequent bathing.


Comb the chin, tail and ears with a fine-tooth comb.

[Special Needs]

Afghan Hounds have their dead hair removed every three months before bathing. Yorkshire and Maltese are trimmed four times a year. Afghans and Yorkshires should have their hair oiled or curled when they are in the draft.


III. Different types of grooming methods for dogs ②

West Highland White Terrier

West Highland White Terrier

>3. Variety: curly without hair loss

[Basic grooming]

This dog does not change its hair, which is constantly growing. It is trimmed every 6-8 weeks and combed through the long-haired areas and the short-haired areas every 2-3 days.


The dead hair that falls out is mostly secondary hairs secondary hairs neglected grooming can lead to felting, frequent shedding in the ear canal, and a buildup of dead hair that gets tangled with ear wax wax.

[Special Needs]

A puppy’s first clipping can be 14-15 years old. The sound of electric clippers can scare many puppies, but be careful to slowly bring the clippers closer to the puppy’s skin and trim the tail with the scissors.

[4. Breed: Stiff West Highland White Terrier, Sirihan Terrier, Cairn Terrier, Norwegian Terrier, Universal Terrier>

[Basic grooming]

This dog only needs frequent brushing to prevent tangles, pulling every 3-4 months-4 months, and then bathing. Shave with electric clippers every 6-8 weeks and cut eyes and ears with scissors.


Puppies are clipped with electric clippers at 4 months of age.


Three, different types of combing methods for dogs ③, four, pet dog grooming precautions

German Shepherd

German Shepherd

5. Breed: long-haired type lined with short hair German Shepherd, Newfoundland, English Old Sheepdog>

[Basic grooming]

Bathe twice a year, combing the head and shoulder blades forward, then backward along the comb, and the belly and loin along the comb. When changing coats, the short inner lining should also be combed.


Comb the chin, tail and ears with a fine-tooth comb.

[Special Needs]

Many owners cut the hair short to 2-3 cm, the dog is more comfortable, if not cut short, at least an hour a day to comb the hair, in summer and in the heated room thick hair of the dog is not comfortable.

IV. Precautions for pet dog grooming

1. Special instruments should be used for combing hair, not human combs and brushes. The usage of the comb is to hold the back of the comb in your hand and gently swing it with your wrist to comb horizontally, alternating between coarse, medium and fine combs. The needle comb has many teeth. To comb, lift them with one hand and comb the other part.

2. Be soft and careful when combing, not rough and brutal, or your dog will be sore, and be especially careful when combing the coat near sensitive areas such as the external genitalia.

3. Watch the dog’s skin. A clean pink color is good. If it appears red or has eczema, it may have parasites, skin diseases, allergies, and other problems that should be treated promptly.

4. Parasites such as fleas and lice should be found and treated with insecticides in a timely manner.

5. When a dog’s coat is badly soiled, it should be combed along with a special conditioner and baby powder.

6. The coat will be brighter if you can use a towel dog identity soaked in hot water before grooming it. 9

V. Factors affecting the quality of the dog’s coat

Specialized eye care for Pekinese

Bichon Frise

V. Factors affecting the quality of the dog’s coat

There are many conditions that can adversely affect a dog’s coat, so be sure to eliminate them completely.

1. Rubbing hair with protein: There has always been a claim that coating a dog with protein will make the hair brighter. In fact, coating Yorkshire or Maltese hair with protein will split and break the hair once it dries, but can damage the hair, damaging the roots, making the hair darker and sometimes causing dermatitis and other skin conditions.

2. Single food: Many families consider the taste of their dog and give him only the food he likes best. This can lead to serious nutritional disorders that can greatly damage your dog’s hair.

3. Too frequent bathing: frequent bathing washes away the oil layer of the coat and skin, and may also cause skin diseases and dry split ends in the hair.

4. Human shampoo: Human skin and dog skin have different pH values, and human baths or shampoos are not suitable for dogs. Human shampoos can seriously damage a dog’s skin.

5. Anxiety: Like people, excessive anxiety can cause dogs to shed hair and have poor coat quality. It is important to help them maintain a happy attitude.

6. Poor hygiene habits: Poor hygiene habits such as infrequent hair brushing and untimely bathing can damage a dog’s coat and even health.

7. Dry living environment: An overly dry living environment can cause dogs to lose moisture, resulting in dry hair, leading to roughness and split ends.

8. Skin diseases: As the most extreme case, almost all skin diseases and some medical problems can impair the quality of a dog’s hair.

[Ark Review]

Wiping the coat with a washcloth immediately after bathing a short-haired dog such as a Doberman will make the coat look brighter. After bathing long-haired dogs such as Pekinese, Maltese, Pomeranian, and Afghan, put distilled water in a sprayer and lightly spray it on the dog’s coat to make it look fluffy and bright after drying. Using a special knot opener will help you deal with the knots more easily. Boar bristles are recognized as the thinnest and straightest natural substance in the world. It does not irritate the skin. It can easily comb two or three knots of hair and fine hairs at the end of the hair. However, it is more expensive. You may consider using other multi-tooth combs instead.

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