[I. Introduction to German Shepherd Dogs]
[I. Introduction to the German Shepherd]
It is well known that the German Shepherd, commonly known as the wolfdog, has a gentle temperament, obeys commands, has a keen sense of sensitivity, is alert, and is widely used by the military and police, such as drug enforcement, escort, and reconnaissance. Initially, the German Shepherd was used as a tracking dog. The police had only different views on dogs for different purposes, such as tracking dogs, which should have excellent pathfinding instincts in addition to the basic skills of a dog. It wasn’t long before people came to the training center elsewhere in Grvnheide to discover that German Shepherds have a special advantage for nose work.
As a result, German Shepherds were used preferentially in the police and military. grvnheide It was not until the outbreak of World War I that police officers from all walks of life were trained at the police training center known as Grvnheide, bringing home well-trained and excellent German Shepherds. In this way, the foundation was laid for the German Shepherd as a police dog in the world. The German Shepherd is recognized as one of the best working dogs in the world.
The German Shepherd is a medium-sized dog with a dark, shiny face, thick coat, erect ears, almond eyes, strong muscles, sharp claws, and a straight back. The body is majestic, all parts are proportional and harmonious, the posture is dignified and beautiful, good physiological function, strong reproductive power. Because the vast majority of the hair is black and gray, or the belly is gray and the back is black and gray, so it is commonly known as the black back. What is particularly different is that it has very keen senses and is highly alert, and is known as a natural police dog.
It can hear 16 times better than a human. Bold and fierce, alert and flexible, agile and light-hearted, high desire to track articulation, running 60 km per hour. It is stable and calm at rest, patient, rigid and soft, strong attachment and easy to train. It is smart and loyal and works well with its owner. As a result, the German Shepherd has been widely used in various fields, especially in the military and police dogs, with great success in tracking, rescue, drug search and protection.
[II. Training German Shepherd leash traction]
[II. Training German Shepherd leash traction]
German Shepherds can be formally trained at the age of 6 months. In Germany, many dog lovers choose the Ochsberg model, a dog training course run by the German Shepherd Association. Personal instruction by an experienced handler instructor, while their pups get the opportunity to meet other pups of the same age, and beginners get special coaching. There are also many similar commercial dog schools in Germany that offer dog training classes, but these classes only allow the dog to understand some commands and complete specified actions, and do not promote mutual understanding and rapport between the dog owner and the puppy.
The first step in training is leash traction. Pull hard on the leash instead of other punishments, and never hold the dog on the leash for long periods of time. The puppy must learn how to move with an easy stretch of leash traction. In addition, the use of barbed neck chains for dogs is prohibited. So-called automatic retractable leashes are also unsuitable for dog training.
The basic standard that applies to all dog training methods is for the dog to understand and obey. In addition to using a code, the dog should be shown with clear eyes so that the dog understands what the person wants it to do.
For puppies, the Sit sit code can be supplemented by pressing down on the hips while pulling up on the neck chain to get the dog used to the sitting motion. When the puppy does the correct action, he must pat the back and praise the puppy loudly. Once the puppy has mastered the sit action, it can be trained to sit on the trip.
The most practical training action for a dog’s daily life is to lie down. If you see a dog lying down, you should supplement the Platz lie down code so that the puppy is used to the lie down code from the beginning. The dog must then learn to lie down in its current position on command. Practice of this action requires a great deal of patience and restraint and must be maintained and implemented consistently over time.
Many German Shepherd friends find it difficult to put a dog that is free from the leash and running around on the leash again when walking the dog. But scolding a dog if it is put back on the leash would be a fatal mistake in dog training. Instead of making the dog realize that it is wrong to run around, such punishment will cause it to associate itself with the idea that it should not return to its owner. This phenomenon is known as resistance to recall in training sessions, and it is very important to the overall training.
[III. German Shepherd Defense Training Training] ①
[III. German shepherd defense training training]
The meaning of defense training:
Many people misunderstand that dogs trained for defense are more aggressive and dangerous than untrained dogs, or that having a dog trained for defense makes the dog more aggressive and dangerous, which is completely wrong.
Actually, “defense” means avoiding and deterring an attack, as opposed to a possible attack. A defensively trained German Shepherd can know when to bite and when not to bite; it can tell the difference between an innocent pedestrian or child and a pole-swinging mugger. This dog can absolutely obey its owner’s commands and orders in any situation.
In addition, defense training of German Shepherds is the most important part of their breeding system. In Germany, it is unthinkable to have a dog without defense training. The minimum requirement to have a dog is to pass a level 1 defense or herding test and to meet the other basic requirements in the breeding rules. At present, there is a general tendency in China to focus on breeding without training and to breed blindly for money, which may lead to the degradation of the German Shepherd. In short, only dogs that have been trained and tested to meet the breeding requirements can be bred, thus ensuring the healthy development of the German Shepherd.
②Defense training content:
Defensive training typically consists of three components: search by assigned route, password obedience, and basic defensive techniques.
1. Search by designated route:This is the first step in defense training. If you don’t know much about the dog beforehand, be sure to check the dog’s ear number carefully before training to see if the dog is registered and has an official breeding record. In addition, it is best to observe the dog’s mental state from a distance to determine if the dog is mentally stable. The trainer can usually relax the leash and approach the dog naturally. If the dog is not shy or aggressive, it can be trained. If the dog is overly aware, avoidant or has a strong tendency to attack, the dog has a mental state problem or a poor personality temperament and there is no basis for training.
All it takes is for a person to walk a certain distance on a common piece of land or grass to determine the route a German Shepherd will take. However, this person should set a certain number of turns and some special small objects on the road. The latter can usually be done with some credit card-like cards. Of course, these cards must be placed on the road by the person himself. After the arrangement, the trainer can guide the dog on the road. The trainer can pull the dog on a 10 meter leash and try to release the leash all the way. The dog is allowed to smell the former’s footprints to identify the path, while the dog is allowed to identify small objects that are set up in advance. Identification is usually done by having the dog lie down, placing the small object between the dog’s two paws so that the dog remembers it, and then formally walking. The focus of this training is to test the dog’s training ability, scenting ability, mental fitness, and physical endurance.
[III. German Shepherd Defense Training Training] ②
2. Code Obedience: The focus of training in this program is to put the dog through a series of following exercises that focus on getting him to approach and follow a group of people. During the following process, people can intentionally make a sudden gunshot sound, and then the dog should make sure that it does not react with excessive surprise and that it does not make an ear-piercing scream. Also, coded obedience training includes a series of in-place coded training, mainly including sit, lie down, stand, etc. In addition, the trainer changes the dog’s position and the trainer sends the coded dog to execute the command as usual, and the dog cannot refuse to execute the command because of the trainer’s position change.
It is also important to note that during training, the trainer should ask the dog to lie at a certain distance from the trainer. Even if the trainer should be lying there in the training ring. All of this obedience training is, of course, a test of the dog’s character temperament, the effectiveness of its body structure, and its desire to work.
3. Basic Defense Techniques: Training in basic defense techniques focuses on testing the dog’s courage, strength and agility, and the dog owner’s control of the dog. These include: searching for concealment, finding concealers, and guarding the “target person.” When the target person tries to escape, the dog must have the desire to pursue and bite the “target person’s” sheathed arm until the “target person” is escorted to the judge by the dog and owner. If the “target person” dog must not hesitate to try to attack the dog owner again. The “target person” is determined to prevent him from violating the dog owner.
Finally, there is the test of courage, when the dog asks the “target” to run out of hiding from the other end of the training ground usually 50 paces away, the dog must quickly catch up to the “target”. Before the dog is about to catch up with the “target”, the judge signals the “target” to turn around and run directly at the dog, yelling at the dog and threatening the dog with the stick. At this point, the dog should show fearless courage and move forward to attack the “target person” until he bites and subdues the “target person”.
In addition, defense training emphasizes that once the “target person” stops running and the owner gives the command to stop, the dog must immediately let go and not attack the “target person” by walking forward. Therefore, through defense training, it is crucial for the quality of the dog whether the dog is timid and fearful, and whether it can accept the trainer’s control unconditionally under any conditions. In general, the quality of a working dog can be judged through defense training by seeing the dog’s personality and mental stability, stamina, physical coordination, olfactory sensitivity, desire to work and courage, and training ability. In addition, after defense training and testing, the dog’s overall quality can be concluded as to whether the dog has what it takes to be a dog.
Defensive training as a sport certainly gives the dog owner an opportunity to train the dog specifically. During the training, the owner’s ability to train and the dog’s ability to perform the training will be fully demonstrated. Through this contact, the human and the dog will not only deepen their friendship, but also further develop and enhance the dog’s interest in the work. In fact, many people abroad, including people of all ages and backgrounds, enjoy and even enjoy this sport so much that they make it a life hobby. They often participate in it, and perform and compete when conditions allow.