The Dachshund Dachshund is a short-legged, long-bodied hunting dog. Its name is of German origin and originally meant “badger dog”. The breed was developed to sniff, track, and kill badgers and other burrowing animals. Interestingly, although “Dachshund” is a German word, it is not commonly used in Germany, where it is often called the Dackel or Teckel, and is native to Germany and now found throughout the country. The Dachshund is one of the better dogs of all breeds. Because of its independent nature, the Dachshund is easy to care for and will quickly understand and comply with any commands its owner gives. So what does it take to raise it well?
Dachshunds are mainly fed dog food and can be fed other foods as appropriate. Dachshunds must be provided with pure drinking water and must not be fed raw meat. In your free time, you should take your dog for a walk more often, use a brush to tidy up the hair, bathe regularly, and clean the kennel regularly to keep it dry and ventilated. When feeding, the diet needs to be regular and fresh, pay attention to the temperature regulation of the kennel, and spend more time with the dog. Dachshunds can also be trained to take walks, not barking and many other things.
I. Dachshund breeding methods
1. Diet management
Dachshunds are carnivores, and owners can prepare fresh meat regularly, but of course, they cannot feed raw meat, it must be cooked meat. Secondly, the best food is dog food, dog food contains nutrients for the growth of Dachshunds, and it is wonderful to feed them with dog food, and it is also good to feed other foods appropriately. When feeding, the owner must remember to provide pure drinking water for the Dachshund, do not forget.
2. moderate exercise
Dachshund appearance characteristics short legs, long body, easy to gain weight, proper exercise to ensure the healthy growth of the sausage dog, conducive to immunity. Owners can take their dogs for a walk when they have time, running and rolling freely on the lawn.
3. Hair care
Dachshund hair is not long and does not need to be tidied up, the best way is to brush. Regular brushing helps to promote metabolism and make the hair smooth and shiny. Bathe him regularly to clean the hidden bacteria in the coat.
4. Feeding Environment
The place where the Dachshund is kept should be clean and dry, and the owner should clean it regularly. The kennel should also preferably be in a sunny and ventilated place. The space of the kennel does not need to be too large because the Dachshund will only stay in the kennel when it is resting and usually likes to walk around.
II. Dachshund breeding precautions
- 1. the diet is best regular and quantitative, do not let the sausage dog starve a meal, a full meal, resulting in dachshund gastrointestinal indigestion.
- 2. the diet should be fresh and clean, expired, spoiled, rotten food should be firmly eliminated.
- 3. seasonal changes, pay attention to the regulation of the temperature of the kennel, do not make the temperature change too much. Dachshunds are prone to colds. 4.
- 4. Drinking water is very important to the healthy growth of the Dachshund, and the owner must always ensure the provision of drinking water.
- 5. Dachshunds are very loyal dogs, very dependent on their owners and want to be pampered by them, so owners need to spend more time with their dogs.
III. Dachshund training methods
1. Walk training
The first time you take a dog for a walk, install the collar, it is usually best to stick two fingers between the neck and the collar. The correct way to lead a dog for a walk is to let the dog on the owner’s left side, do not let the dog pull and run, should pull it tight. After the dog gets used to it, even without the collar, it will not just run around.
2. Not barking
The dog barking bothers people. Initially do not want the dog to bark, to the dog yells, “do not bark,” so that the dog immediately stops barking, if not compelling, with a rolled-up newspaper tube hit, this training method is very effective.
3. Do not run and jump
To show intimacy, dogs have the habit of running to their masters at a very fast pace, and this behavior can sometimes dirty clothes and make people very disturbed. When a guest visits, the dog runs up, making the guest afraid and the owner feel embarrassed. The way to correct this is to say “no” to the running dog; touch the dog’s nose with your hand and train it repeatedly.
4. Meal training
Feeding the dog must be fixed in a place in a certain period of time with a fixed tableware supply, so that the dog in the owner’s permission to learn to eat. First of all, put the tableware with food in front of the dog, and press its body to sit. If the dog does not listen to the command, must immediately eat, then the owner must immediately pick up the cutlery, until it takes a moment to wait for the posture, then say “yes”; then let it start eating.
5. Sit training
Put your hand on the dog’s waist and press down, say “sit” while pressing; after the dog sits, pull away from the dog and give the command “sit”; while extending your hand, put it down horizontally and repeat several times. After the dog is skilled in moving this action, as long as the hand gesture to express the opinion, there is no need to issue a command.
6. Bye training
Put the dog’s favorite food on the dog’s head, tempting the dog to stand on its hind legs in a “bye” position, but also on the basis of this training to turn around, and finally trained to hear the command “turn around” will rotate.
7. Handshake training
At first shout “reach out”; then use one hand to hold the left front foot, use one hand to hold the right front foot, say “yes”, use one hand to stroke the dog’s throat and chest.
8. Bite training
Usually, use a short stick, the first command “bite”; at the same time, with one hand pinch the dog’s ears, the other hand to hold a short stick for the dog to bite with the mouth, must be repeatedly practiced. The method is to sit down, put something a dozen meters away from the dog, called “bite”, bite, and then ordered to bring. If the stick falls down in the middle, the owner must go to the place where it fell down to get the stick, call the dog up, put the object next with his hand, say “yes” and pet the head. After the action is skilled, you can train to bite things to walk.
9. Waiting training
After the puppy learns the “wait” posture, you can take it to a quiet square for a walk. Let the dog sit first, then give the command “no movement”; you can pick up the front end of the belt, slowly walk backwards, walk around the dog. At this point, if the dog changes position, train from the beginning. After the dog learns to do this action, the owner can let go of the tape and walk to a distance, wait patiently.
10. When beckoned
Initially hold the dog belt, shouting “come here”, while gently pulling the belt, stimulating the dog’s neck to make the dog run over to sit. After getting used to it, you can untie the leash and pull away from the training.
11. Ambush action
First let the dog take the “sit” position, while shouting the command “lie down”, while pulling the dog’s two front feet forward, gently press the dog’s back, let its chest on the ground, repeat this action.
Dachshunds are mainly fed dog food, other foods can be fed appropriately, Dachshunds must be provided with pure drinking water, not fed raw meat. In your free time, you should take your dog for walks more often, use a brush to tidy up the coat and bathe regularly, and clean the kennel regularly to keep it dry and ventilated. When feeding, the diet needs to be regular and fresh, pay attention to the temperature regulation of the kennel, and spend more time with the dog. Dachshunds can also be trained in a variety of ways such as walking and not barking.
Can you keep a dachshund outside in the cold?
The adult dog itself has the ability to withstand the cold, but the short-haired Dachshund is still afraid of the cold, the northern winter cold certainly can not live outside, if your home is the yard can not let him into the house, get him a kennel, preferably in a place with good light and shelter, get him a mattress and so on the ground can be.
Winter dachshunds attention
- 1. Family raising dachshunds is best to let the dog have their own separate bed, with thick mats on top, and to be diligent in the sun and change, when the weather allows, so that the dog to strengthen exercise, to enhance physical fitness.
- 2. Winter weather is cold, dachshunds will be reluctant to go outside to defecate, but in the kennel to defecate or make the dog’s living environment is very wet, so the dog gets skin disease, so the owner should urge it to go outside to facilitate, and do a good job of cleaning and disinfection.
- 3. Winter temperature difference, the regular feeding can not meet the dog’s needs. You should add animal fats such as bone broth and higher calorie foods such as corn and rice grain to your dog, and don’t forget to give your dog vitamin supplements.
Why is it difficult to raise a pure Dachshund
1. Because the Dachshund is an athletic dog and highly athletic, so it needs enough time to exercise with it.
2. Because Dachshunds are easily oversized, improper feeding can easily cause Dachshunds to become obese. Third.
Because Dachshunds have short limbs, they tend to get dirty when they walk, so they need to be cleaned up from time to time to ensure their coats are clean.
Dachshund Health Problems
1. Excessive obesity
Because Dachshunds are fat-prone, owners should not feed them too much. Because the Dachshund is fat, the meat will accumulate in the waist, forming a large bucket, which can easily lead to lumbar disc herniation. The owner should not feed it too many snacks, and should also take it out more for exercise to avoid being too fat.
2. Susceptible to periodontal disease
Dachshunds often like to show their teeth and smile at their owners, but when it smiles you will find that its teeth have dental tartar, because the food remains in the dog’s mouth, after the differentiation of saliva, producing dental plaque. If the owner does not regularly clean the dog’s teeth, the dog will have problems such as bad breath and periodontal disease. Owners should give it regular dental cleaning care or give it some teeth cleaning toys and food to chew.
3. Respiratory disease
When a Dachshund is excited, or after exercise, or when the weather changes dramatically, there will be a snoring sound that usually lasts for 10 seconds or so and then returns to normal. If there are frequent or prolonged episodes, the owner should be aware that it may not be a simple respiratory allergic reaction, but may be a collapsed trachea or asthma.
4. Lumbar disc herniation
There is a disc between the movable vertebrae connecting the dachshunds called “intervertebral discs”, when external forces press the dog’s spine, it will compress the intervertebral discs and form a herniated disc, which leads to spinal displacement and compression of the nerves and difficulty walking, inability to lift the head, paralysis of the feet, incontinence and other situations. So the owner should avoid letting the dachshund jump up and down, climbing stairs, etc. to avoid vertebral dislocation or other diseases.
Usually pay more attention to help dachshunds supplement calcium, you can give it some calcium-containing food such as shrimp and so on, to help dogs replenish calcium, strong bones.
Dachshunds are most commonly affected by diabetes caused by obesity. The most obvious symptom is that the dog will eat a lot, but weight loss is dramatic, gradually thinning, thirst increases and drinking a lot of water, urination increases, and other situations. In addition to the owner can inject insulin to treat the method, to avoid the intake of too greasy food is also very important; the owner to strictly control the dog’s diet, appropriate to increase the dog’s exercise can also prevent the occurrence of diabetes.
6. Ear disease
Dachshunds are drooping ears, and there is a lot of hair around the ears, in a closed environment is easy to produce bacterial fungal infections, thus breeding ear mites, after being infected, the dog will often keep scratching the ears to show discomfort, while the ears will also emit some odor, the owner should pay attention to this time, to help the dog deworming, clean up the ears promptly. So after each bath, make sure to clean your Dachshund’s ears to avoid ear infections. You should also trim your dog’s ears regularly to allow better ventilation and prevent earwax build-up.
Dachshund dental problems
1. Dachshund periodontal disease early stage – fleshitis
With the naked eye, you can observe that your Dachshund’s gums have become abnormally colored, and there will also be a few spots of calculus, which is the primary stage of periodontal disease – pulpitis.
2. Middle stage of Dachshund periodontal disease
The Dachshund’s bad breath level increases, and a significant increase in dental calculus can be seen, accompanied by reddened and swollen gums. Periodontitis develops over a period of time to form the intermediate stage of periodontal disease.
3. Severe periodontal disease in Dachshunds
There may be 400 to 500 species of bacteria in the Dachshund’s mouth. When bacteria attach to the teeth and are not cleaned in a timely manner, dental calculus is formed, which gradually thickens and becomes a breeding ground for more bacteria. When periodontal disease in Dachshunds progresses to this stage, the degree of calculus attachment increases significantly and the original teeth are invisible.
4. Advanced periodontal disease in Dachshunds
Pus begins to form between the teeth and gums, and the mouth is so ulcerated that it is unrecognizable. If the Dachshund has reached this stage of disease, the only treatment is to remove the teeth.
How to care for your Dachshund’s teeth
1. If your Dachshund’s teeth have accumulated a lot of tartar, it is best to take it to a veterinarian or groomer to have it treated by a veterinarian or professional. If your Dachshund’s teeth have accumulated a lot of tartar, it is best to take him to a veterinarian or groomer for treatment.
2. For Dachshunds that have dental routines, it is best to take them for professional dental cleanings or oral exams on a regular basis (once or twice a year), which can be done when you take them for their vaccinations. You should be prepared, however, because if the tartar on your Dachshund’s teeth is severe and your Dachshund is uncooperative, the doctor may give your Dachshund general anesthesia, which can be risky. So it is best to clean your Dachshund’s teeth as often as possible to prevent tartar from becoming so bad.
Dachshund Eye Problems
Double eyelashes are two rows of eyelashes that touch the eyeball. This disease can cause severe damage to the cornea, leading to conjunctivitis as well as spasms in the eyelid muscles, and if left untreated, can lead to blindness. Its cause may be genetically related.
Treatment involves surgical removal of the retroflexed eyelashes with a high success rate. If you notice that your dog’s eyes are always moist due to excessive tearing and frequent scratching with paws, discharge or painful redness, they should be examined by a veterinarian immediately.
Entropion of the eyelid
Entropion is a turning in of the eyelid, usually the lower eyelid. As the hairy eyelid turns inward, the hair will touch the sensitive eyeball, with consequences similar to those of a double row of eyelashes, lots of tears, and eye discomfort dogs will paw constantly, and this irritation will cause the eyelid to become inflamed and turn inward even more.
The etiology may be hereditary (primary entropion), but in dachshunds, most cases are caused by nephritis or external irritation (secondary entropion). Even miniature dachshunds are fundamentally hunters, and they like to chase and escape in low shrubs where they can easily injure their eyelids.
If a dachshund’s eyes suddenly close tightly, you should try to gently poke his eyelids open to see if there is any visible damage or foreign objects.
If there is a problem with the eye, you should consult your veterinarian immediately. Even very minor eyelid injuries that may seem harmless can leave scars as they heal, which in turn can cause eyelid entropion or other problems.
Ectropion is the exact opposite of entropion, where the eyelid looks droopy and is primarily a condition caused by injury. It can be treated with successful surgical procedures.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) Progressive retinal atrophy can impair dogs’ vision and lead to blindness. The veterinary community well recognizes that miniature dachshunds (long-haired and smooth-haired types) suffer more from this disease. However, the incidence of this disease is lowest in dachshunds compared to other canine species.
Dachshund breathing problems
Dachshunds often have a snoring sound when they are extremely excited, after exercise, or when there is a momentary and dramatic change in temperature, usually lasting 10 seconds or so and then returning to normal. If the attacks are frequent or prolonged, it is important to seek medical attention because it is not a simple allergic reaction to the respiratory tract, but may be a collapsed trachea or asthma.
Dachshund Skin Problems
Dachshund skin disease distinction fleas, lice: on the body surface, the inside of the femur, under the armpits, under the neck, deep in the fur can move, visible to the naked eye (because the human body temperature and body hair is different from the dog reason, they can not survive in humans, you can dare to scratch). The eggs of fleas and dog ticks are white, so if you see a circle of black dots on the dog, that is their feces.
Mites: generally under the skin, the dog’s abdomen, inner thigh root or body skin with small red dots, red skin around the lips and hair loss. Dogs with ear mites have coffee-colored discharge from their ears, and sometimes it scratches their ears due to itching.
Fungus: Dogs infected with localized skin shedding, broken hair, and a piece of red skin. This can be done by bathing the Dachshund with a canine bath that has a fungus-removing effect, such as Sargent’s Canine Fungus Removing Bath for fungal skin diseases great effect!
Eczema, herpes other purulent dermatitis: usually blisters and pustules on the skin of the dog’s abdomen and inner femur.
Skin diseases caused by allergies: these diseases are mostly sudden symptoms, with large areas of redness on the dog’s skin.
Dachshunds change to the skin disease and how to do
1. Find professional treatment
Dachshund skin disease is not a significant disease, but it can easily recur and affect the health of the dog. Usually, prepare some dog-specific ointment and apply it to the dog when it is sick until the symptoms disappear entirely. If the situation is more serious, it should be sent directly to the veterinary hospital for shaving and injections, and the condition should not be allowed to deteriorate.
2. cleaning and disinfection
Dachshunds are naturally lively and active, and when they are taken out for walks, they often run into the grass and sand, and are easily infected with bacteria and parasites. In this case, after taking your Dachshund out, make sure to bathe and clean it at home to reduce the risk of skin diseases.
3. Environmental improvement
Dachshund kennels must be kept dry. A damp and dirty environment is very suitable for breeding various bacteria, and dogs staying in such an environment for a long time can easily develop skin diseases. Therefore, the Dachshund’s kennel should be cleaned from time to time and kept dry and ventilated.
4. healthy diet
The dog’s diet is very important to balanced nutrition, general dachshunds eat too salty food for a long time, skin problems, pooper scoopers must pay attention to the selection and matching of dog food, low salt-based, and fed on time and in accordance with the amount.
5. regular bathing
If the dachshund is not often outdoors, there is basically no dirt on its body, it is not advisable to give it frequent baths, which will destroy the protective layer of oil on its body and increase the risk of skin diseases. Generally speaking, it is fine to wash it once a week on hot days and once every two weeks on cold days.
Dachshund bladder problems
Dogs with bladder infections, in general, will show urgency to urinate, nervousness to urinate, repeated squatting (or repeated lifting of the legs), but actually do not really urinate much; some dogs will also appear thirsty, too lethargic or listless. Most bladder infections are actually not very obvious in the early stages and may not be visible to the owner. And dogs don’t show outward signs of the task, as if nothing is happening, but this inflammation is silently advancing and progressing.
And untreated bladder infections don’t usually heal on their own, so it just worsens. And if when blood comes out of your dog’s urine, this is probably the time to confirm that the infection is even more serious. The long-term change in urine pH accompanies a bladder infection also provides the perfect living space for bladder stones to grow.
I. Etiology of cystitis in dachshunds.
- 1. Infection with pathogenic microorganisms such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Aspergillus, etc.
- 2. the spread of inflammation of adjacent organs, such as nephritis, ureteritis, prostatitis, urethritis. Especially when the female dog gets ****itis, **** endocarditis, the inflammation can easily spread to the bladder and cause cystitis.
- 3. mechanical injury, such as catheter injury, bladder stones, etc. can stimulate the mucosa to inflammation.
II. Clinical signs of canine cystitis.
1. the characteristic symptom is painful and frequent urination. The dog urinates frequently, or in a urinary position, but only a small amount of urine is discharged each time or continuously discharged in drops (urinary dripping), and shows pain and restlessness.
III. Prevention and control measures for canine cystitis.
- 1. improve feeding management, make it rest properly, and feed non-irritating, nutritious, and easily digestible feed. High protein feed should be appropriately restricted. 2.
- 2. In severe cystitis, after flushing the bladder, instill penicillin 800,000~1,200,000 units (dissolved in 50~100 ml of distilled water) in the bladder and apply penicillin, streptomycin or other antibiotics systemically.
- 3. Appropriate application of urinary tract disinfectant may be applied.
- 4. Pay attention to preventing microbial infestation and infection. The catheterization should be performed in a sterile and aseptic manner. Diseases of other urinary organs should be treated promptly to prevent spread.
Dachshund hind leg problem
Dachshunds that cannot move their hind legs may be caused by trauma to the dog’s legs or damage to the muscles of the dog’s hind legs, and the owner needs to pay attention to observe. If you exclude the leg trauma caused by the owner can gently press the dog’s bones, if the dog’s response is stronger, indicating that the dog’s bone abnormalities are caused by the need to go to the hospital to do an X-ray examination to clarify the condition, for treatment. It may also be caused by the lack of nutrients in the dog’s body for a long time, and this phenomenon needs to be supplemented with calcium and vitamin D for conditioning.