[I. Characteristics of dogs with ear problems]
Ancient Shepherd Dogs
[I. Characteristics of dogs with ear problems]
1. Dogs love to toss their heads
2. Sometimes he scratches the outside of his ears
3. Smell and dirt in the ear
4. Red and swollen ears that bleed easily
5. Pus or blood flow
6. Hearing loss
7. Crooked head
A dog’s ear canal is covered with abundant ear hair, which can easily produce dirt if not cleaned frequently and can cause ear mites in severe cases. A normal ear canal should be clean, odorless, dirt-free, and pink. If a dog often shakes its head unnaturally and scratches its ears with its paws, it means that its ears are uncomfortable and need to be cleaned. When it is found that the dog often shakes its ears or scratches its ears, it means that there is something wrong with the dog’s ears, but many careless owners have only found out when their dog’s ears smell bad. In fact, this can be reduced by cleaning the ear wax in the right way.
[II. Ear Clearance Method]</span
[II. Ear clearing method]
Ear hair cleaning:For some long-haired dogs with droopy ears, ear hair needs to be cleaned regularly so that it doesn’t act like a filter to block the normal drainage of ear wax and cause ear canal inflammation. Removing ear hair that grows out of the ear canal can be a particularly distracting task, but parents with long-haired dogs such as Pekinese, Bichons, English Guineas, Poodles, and Yorkshire should be aware of the need to clean their ears regularly. The so-called clean ear hair is to pluck the ear hair, rather than trimming. This is because if you just trim, the roots remain on the skin and these short ear hairs will continue to grow, and with the addition of new ear hairs, there will be more and more ear hairs in the ears, which fundamentally does not clean the ear hairs.
To pluck ear hair, grab a small handful of ear hair and pull it out quickly. As you can imagine this process can be a little painful, so the dog will feel uneasy. There is a special ear powder that makes this process easier. Before plucking, squeeze some of the ear powder into the inside of the ear and rub it in with your hands. The mint-cooling ear powder will ease the dog’s tension and pain. Don’t worry about this ear powder staying in the dog’s ears, because cleaning the ear canal without the barrier of ear hair will allow the dog to throw away the excess powder. Finally, remember to make sure to massage your dog’s ear roots, stroke his head, and comfort and praise him after each ear pluck.
It is especially important to note that you should never just pass your puppy’s ears. A dog’s ear canal is very delicate and requires very careful care to avoid problems. Owners should check their dog’s ears regularly for odor, inflammation, and earwax buildup. If there is not much ear wax, there is not much to worry about. Ear wax has a natural protective effect on the ear canal. Only excessive ear wax buildup needs to be cleaned. Clean your dog’s ears with a cotton ball moistened with ear drops.
However, if ear wax builds up again after a week of cleaning, you should see your doctor, which is a sign of ear mites in puppies. A healthy dog’s ears should not have wounds or nicks and be sensitive to sound. Open the ear, the ear canal is clean and free of sticky discharge, no odor, and the inside of the ear is pink. If a dog is always tilting its head, shaking its ears unnaturally, or rubbing its ears against walls and furniture, its ears are probably uncomfortable. It should be examined carefully and treated promptly according to different conditions.
When bathing your dog, don’t let water get into your dog’s ears. If you accidentally get water in your dog’s ears, you must dry the water with a cotton swab as soon as possible! When pulling out your dog’s ears, don’t stick the swab too deep so that the dog, if you are not careful, can injure the dog’s inner ear. Then use 2 drops of pet ear drops oil into the dog’s ear, cover the ear, gently massage the ear for 1 minute, and then look at the ear. At this point, the hard ear wax will soften and can be wiped with a cotton swab. Clean the ears once a week! If your dog’s ears start to get red, itchy, smell strong and have a lot of ear wax, clean them once a day for 3 days and they will get significantly better. Gradually reduce the frequency until the ears are completely normal. The ear hair in the dog’s ear canal should also be properly trimmed because if it is too dense, it can interfere with ventilation and cause ear infections.
[III. Common diseases of dog ears]
[III. Common diseases of dog ears]
1. Otitis: otitis externa, otitis media and otitis media. It is caused by bacterial colonization of the ear canal or infection of the eustachian tube.
Etiology:A good place for bacteria to grow and multiply, especially in dogs with large droopy ears, can also cause parasitism canine ear mite disease.
Diagnostic point: Dogs with otitis externa and otitis media shake their heads and itch. They scratch their ears with their hind limbs. A yellowish-brown discharge is visible from the external ear canal and emits a foul odor. They are complicated with inner otitis. Head rotation is evident and may turn to the affected side. Falls are common. Inflammation invades the brain and neurological signs are seen. Otitis externa is the most common of the dog ear diseases. If there is only some black discharge and dirt in the ear, it can be cured with special ear medication, but if there is fever, ulceration, foul odor, and constant head shaking, it may be a severe case of otitis externa, otitis media, or otitis media. Be especially careful with breeds that have droopy ears and hairy ears.
Preventive measures:Bacterial otitis media can be treated with penicillin solution dipped in cotton to thoroughly clean the ear canal of dirt. Use ear drops with ear oil 2-3 times/day and a mixture of neomycin, dexamethasone, and lidocaine 2-6 times/day, 3-4 times/day. For those caused by ear mites, trichlorfon solution can be used for cleaning. Severe infections can be treated with systemic antimicrobials.
2. Ear tickling mites commonly known as ear mites>
The entire life cycle of the ear itch mite in dogs is completed on the surface of the ear shell, often causing ear itching and secondary infections that are highly contagious and itchy, and dogs and cats often scratch themselves. It is common for dogs to shake their heads and sometimes even have ear hematoma, lymphatic extravasation, inflammation or allergic reactions with thick brownish-black crusty exudate in the external ear canal. Early infection with ear tickle mites in dogs and cats is often bilateral. Further development results in extensive infection throughout the ear, with marked scaling, hyperkeratosis, and self-scratching. More severe infections are thick, keratinized scales on both auricles that spread to the head and front. Ear mites in dogs often invade the external ear canal, but ear mites can also cause pruritic dermatitis of the ear and tail tip, and sometimes ear mite infections can cause temporary dermatitis of the ipsilateral hind limb paws. To treat canine ear itch mites, the external ear canal should be cleaned and then ivermectin medication should be dropped into the ear to kill the mites. After subcutaneous injection, antibiotics and corticosteroids should be combined with topical application. Clinical experience has shown that spraying or applying an ear mite exterminator to the ear is effective in dogs that do not allow people to apply medication to their ears.
III. Seborrheic dermatitis
It is an overproduction of sebaceous glands in dogs, also known as seborrhea, and the affected dog has a distinctive ratty odor. Seborrhea in dogs occurs mainly on the back, legs, perineum, neck, and inner ears. The affected areas often have light yellow waxy aggregates with inflammatory changes such as hair loss and mild pruritus, and endocrine disorders of crepuscular mites are often accompanied by seborrhea. Currently, the etiology of seborrhea is associated with genetic factors, endocrine disorders, nutritional deficiencies, and skin infections. Diagnosis is mainly based on clinical experience and testing, with gradual exclusion of other specific etiologies. Treatment should be given to the identified etiology and then to the symptom. Sulfur soap can generally be used to wash the body of the dog. If there is tissue exudation or infection in the affected area, systemic or topical antimicrobial therapy is required. Antimicrobials-corticosteroids may be used for severe seborrhea. Thyroxine may be used in chronically ill dogs.
Dogs with long ears are more prone to this problem because long ears can block blood circulation and easily contaminate dirt. To avoid problems with the dog’s ears, owners should clean the dog regularly every two weeks with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. Pet ear canals must also be carefully cleaned. Pet ear canals tend to accumulate oil, dust and water, especially in large-eared dogs, where the drooping ear shells often cover the ear canals, or where long hair near the ear canals such as lady dogs, Pekinese, Cocker Spaniels, etc. can also cover the ear canals, making them prone to accumulate dirt and wetness due to poor air circulation and making them inflamed. Therefore, the dog’s ear canal should be checked frequently. If you find that the dog often scratches its ears or constantly shakes its head and swings its ears, it means that there is something wrong with the dog’s ear canal and should be examined carefully in time.
4. Precautions for cleaning your dog’s ears
4. Precautions for cleaning your dog’s ears
When you have a pet, the smell from your dog’s ear canal is usually the biggest cause of distress for owners. When you sleep and play with your pet, if there is an odor in the distance, it is sure to greatly reduce the interest in spending time with your pet. When there is a problem with the ear canal, dogs will shake their heads and scratch their ears in addition to emitting a bad smell. Sometimes they will grab the hair on the outside of the ear, and in severe cases they may even grab a hematoma, or the ear canal may feel like it has a lot of water in it. I usually start at the outer edge of the ear to see if the skin is red and swollen, then check for ear wax and then smell. If there is a problem with the ear canal, it can usually be found at this stage, and then a sample can be taken by otoscopic examination or microscopic observation. If some dogs have deep ear canal problems, they need to go through a calming procedure before starting the examination.
1. Ear canal cleaning must not be careless
In general, home care of the ear is not difficult. As long as the pet owner is young, it will develop? Good habits of cleaning the ear canal will usually make? s familiar with the care actions and early detection of disease. Waiting until redness and inflammation to clean can leave a very bad impression on the dog, as cleaning a red ear canal can be particularly painful or even bleeding; moreover, the dog usually hates the painful job of cleaning the ear canal once the cleaning action is completed. Even if the ear later recovers completely, when the dog sees the cleaning utensil in your hand, he will remember the previous pain and then resist you cleaning his ear canal. This is really not a benign interaction, so please clean your pet’s ear canal from an early age.
When caring for your dog’s ears at home, cotton swabs and ear drops are generally used to gently remove ear wax; the movements should be very gentle and careful, as movements that are too rough can sometimes cause damage to the ear canal or stuff the wax deeper. When choosing a cotton swab, do not choose one with a head that is too large, preferably about 1/3 smaller than the ear canal; also, do not choose a stick where the cotton head and plastic stick will separate, otherwise the cotton will fall into the ear canal. Clean the ear canal at least once or twice a week. If the ear wax you clean for your dog is black, yellow, or abnormal, contact your veterinarian immediately.
2. The structure of the ear canal in dogs is different from that of humans
In fact, dogs have a different ear canal structure than humans. They have evolved so that their ears are located above their heads and their ear canals are curved at 90 degrees, so we don’t touch the eardrum when cleaning the ear canal. In addition, because dogs are hairy all over, hair naturally grows into the ear canal, so dogs have ear hair to protect their ears. The longer the hairy dog is, the longer the ear hair is, the more attention owners should pay. Because ear hair is usually one of the causes of ear canal disease, check if your dog’s ear hair is too long, or ask your veterinarian for help. The dog’s ear canal is structured differently, so infections caused by bacteria or parasites are very different, so don’t go to the drugstore to buy ear medication for your dog, which can lead to other problems because you don’t know the situation. When a dog’s ear canal is now a problem, consult a professional veterinarian and seek treatment as soon as possible so that your beloved pet does not go from what was a minor problem to a major illness. Not only does your dog suffer and feel bad, but the longer you delay, the more diagnoses and treatments you have to make and the higher the relative need
3. Use ear cleaner indiscriminately, beware of dog ear canal damage
Ear cleaners are marketed as being approximately: keratin dissolving, ear wax dissolving, mildly antiseptic or antibacterial, cleansing, scented, etc. It’s just a little jar, but it can be very powerful! However, some owners often use other things to save money, and some think we use alcohol to clean the dog’s ear canal when we get home, so don’t use it freely because it can cause damage to the ear canal and eardrum. Also, don’t use hydrogen peroxide to clean your dog’s ears. Several owners have washed their dogs’ ears with hydrogen peroxide because the smell of the dog’s ears was too strong. Later, they caused irreparable regrets, such as burns in the dog’s ear canal and even eardrum burns. As an owner, you have to be careful.
4. Also spend money on medical care, call a professional veterinarian
Some owners buy ear medication at the pet store, but it doesn’t work when they order it. When they go to the hospital later, the test results are usually different from the efficacy indicated on the medicine, and it is not uncommon to use the wrong medicine. If you want to buy pet medication abroad, the owner must take the veterinarian’s prescription sticker and go to a pet store that has a license to sell animal medication, and the pet store must also see the veterinarian’s prescription sticker and sell the medication. However, the situation in Taiwan is quite different. In order to perform, pet stores often sell owners medications that their pets do not need or are wrong, which also costs money to see a doctor. Please find a professional veterinarian who can make a proper diagnosis for your pet and the medication given.
Caring for your pet starts with taking care of the ear canal. Don’t delay medical treatment. It really pisses you off every time you encounter people who have long identified ear canal problems but delay taking their pets to the doctor for a long time, or people who never care about their dog’s ears. The longer the delay, the more visits and the higher the cost. It is a small thing for the owner to lose money, but often it is really painful to see a pet go from what was a minor problem to a major illness and howl in pain during treatment. I would like to take this opportunity to give owners a sincere piece of advice. When there is a problem with your dog’s ear canal, please consult a professional veterinarian and seek treatment as soon as possible to avoid making your beloved dog feel sad.