I. The full secret of dog bathing


Great Danes


One, the full secret of dog bathing

1. Notice to Owners

① Regular bathing is a good habit

It is a good habit to bathe a dog regularly, even if sometimes the owner thinks his dog is not so dirty. Wolves did not bathe themselves in ancient times, and later people were afraid of the dog’s stench and helped with the bathing. The sources of stink in dogs come from the mouth, ears, skin, and anus. Oral calculus, periodontal disease or upper digestive tract abnormalities. In uremia, the dog will have bad breath. Inflamed ears can have a bad odor; sick skin can have a bad smell. The anal glands on both sides of the anus often drain, squeezing out an unbearable fishy-smelling discharge in passing.

The dog is not as well dressed as the human, it relies on its entire body of hair for protection, so the sebaceous glands at its hair pole secrete oil, which coats the entire body and is a protective film against foreign pathogens. It is only this grease that is naturally a little fishy, making it unbearable for modern people with very allergic nasal passages.

② Dogs should not be washed every day

The general rule for bathing your dog is that when it’s smelly and dirty, it can’t be washed every three days or two days, or even every day. It will wash away its protective coating. Although the result is clean, tasty, and cute, its skin will be weak. Washing once 0 days in summer and once every two weeks in winter is enough. According to the dog’s bathing time should be based on the dog’s dirty level to help it bathe. Do not rinse two-month-old baby dogs, aging dogs, and seriously ill dogs with water; you can wipe them down with a warm, wet towel or dry shampoo powder and foam dry shampoo.

③ Dogs have special shampoos

Use a special shampoo for dogs, not human shampoo, or gasoline or motor oil to bathe your dog. Neutral shampoos are barely usable. Because dog skin is alkaline, pH 7.5 female skin is acidic pH 5.5 male skin is weakly acidic pH 6.5 in contrast, baby skin is neutral pH 7.2. Buy dog shampoo, in addition to commercially available dog shampoo, you can also choose mild human soap or baby shampoo.

Alternatively, in addition to wet cleaning, you can dry clean your dog. Dry cleaning is only suitable for less dirty dogs. Dry shampoo is a powder that removes excess grease from the coat and gives it a more vibrant color. To use it, sprinkle the dry shampoo powder into the dog’s coat and then comb it through with a comb. Some dog owners send their dogs to the groomer regularly, but most owners help their dogs bathe themselves. Helping dogs bathe is a great way to develop a bond!

2. Bathing method

1. After brushing, plug the dog’s ears with cotton wool and let him stand in the tub with the rubber mat. Grab the collar and pour the warm water over the dog’s coat.

2. Rub the dog’s special or tear-free shampoo on areas other than the head, holding the dog down firmly so he doesn’t slip or jump out of the tub. Rub out the soap bubbles and rub the hair against the direction of the coat, but be careful not to splash water or shampoo in the dog’s eyes.

3. Pour the tear-free shampoo into your hand and apply to the dog’s head, rubbing gently, taking care to avoid splashing the shampoo in the eyes or inhaling it.

4. Wash the dog’s head first, then the body. This will prevent the dog from shaking the water everywhere.

5. Rinse the rest of the body with warm water and wash the shampoo. If necessary, . Rub the conditioner on the dog’s coat and rinse it off.

6. Squeeze the excess water from the dog’s fur and dry it with a towel. Remove the earplugs and dry the inside of the ear.

7. Use a warm air blower to dry your dog’s healthy coat. The hair dryer should not be turned up too high. Please do not blow on your dog’s itchy areas, as hot air can aggravate the itch. Please brush your dog’s brush straight and away from the body.

8. After completing the above steps, your dog will have a whole new feeling.

After a bath, the dog will usually run around excitedly. Please be careful not to let your dog roll around right away and try to cover him with a more natural scent.

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Always comb the coat before bathing. This will open up tangled hair and prevent the coat from becoming more tangled; it will also remove large pieces of dirt and make it easier to clean. Especially around the mouth, behind the ears, armpits, inside of the stock, and toe tips, the parts of the dog that people least want to comb should be cleaner. When grooming, to reduce and avoid pain for the dog, hold the hair roots with one hand and comb with the other. Bathing temperature should not be too high or too low, usually 36 degrees Celsius in spring and 37 degrees Celsius in winter.

When bathing, be sure to prevent shampoo from getting into the dog’s eyes or ears. Rinse thoroughly and don’t let soap suds or shampoo stay on your body to avoid irritating your skin and causing dermatitis. Bathe the dog in the morning or at noon, and do not bathe in high air humidity or on rainy days. After washing, dry immediately with a hair dryer or wipe dry with a hair patch. Do not dry the dog in the sun after bathing. Because the bath removes a lot of oil from the hair, which reduces the dog’s resistance to cold and skin cold and heat can easily catch a cold, or even lead to pneumonia.


II. The full secret of dog ear cleaning


Cocker Spaniel


Second, the full secret of dog ear cleaning

The care of your dog’s ears is very important. The eardrum is as fragile as the cornea and the health of the ear canal is directly related to the health of the eardrum. The ear canals of dogs tend to accumulate grease, dirt and moisture, such as the long and droopy ears of Pekinese and lady dogs. The long hair near the ear canal often covers the ear canal, making it moist due to poor air circulation, leading to scale buildup and inflammatory ear infections.

[1. Clean ear wax]

For dogs with less severe ear wax, it is relatively easy to clean. First, gently pull the hair around the dog’s ears with your hands, pull up the ear, dip a cotton swab in some glycerin, apply it to the dog’s outer ear canal, then massage the root of the ear by squeezing the dog’s ear with your hands to distribute the oil evenly into the dog’s ear, and finally wipe with a cotton swab or small cotton ball.

If the ear wax is too hard, the external ear canal must be disinfected with an alcohol cotton ball and then ear drops with 3% sodium bicarbonate ear drops or 2% boric acid water you can also buy special pet ear drops from your pet store or vet. After the dry ear wax has softened, gently remove it with tweezers. Be careful not to insert the tweezers too deeply. At this point, you should be highly concentrated. If the dog shakes its head, remove the tweezers quickly to avoid puncturing the eardrum or ear mucosa. Dogs have very fine ears, so please be careful when cleaning them.

4% boric acid glycerin ear drops can be used for inflamed ear canals. 5% chloramphenicol glycerin ear drops, sonixin ear drops, and other anti-inflammatory ear drops, two to three drops three times a day. Pull up the dog’s ears and let the drops flow deep into the ears, then massage gently with your hands to help absorb the drops. If finances allow, it is best to purchase special anti-inflammatory ear drops from your vet. Chloramphenicol eye drops can also be used instead for less serious cases, but if they are still bad after a few days of use, you should go to the hospital.

[2. Clean ear hairs]

For some long-haired dogs with droopy ears, the ear hairs need to be cleaned regularly so that they do not act like a filter to block the normal drainage of ear wax and cause ear canal inflammation. Removing ear hair from the ear canal can be a particularly disturbing task, but for parents with long-haired dogs such as Pekinese, Bichons, English Guineas, Poodles, and Yorkshire, they should be aware of the need to clean their ears regularly. By cleaning the ear hair, I mean plucking the ear hair, not trimming it. This is because if you just trim, the roots remain on the skin and these short ear hairs will continue to grow, and with the addition of new ear hairs, there will be more and more ear hairs in the ears, and you will not be able to clean them at all.

To pluck ear hair, grab a small handful of ear hair and pull it out quickly. As you can imagine this process can be a little painful, so the dog will feel uneasy. There is a special ear powder that makes this process easier. Before plucking, squeeze some of the ear powder into the inside of the ear and rub it in with your hands. The mint cool ear powder will relieve the dog’s tension and pain. Don’t worry about this ear powder staying in the dog’s ears, because cleaning the ear canal without the barrier of ear hair will allow the dog to throw away the excess powder. Finally, remember to make sure to massage your dog’s ear roots, stroke his head, and comfort and praise him after each ear pluck.

It is especially important to note that you should never just pass your puppy’s ears. A dog’s ear canal is very delicate and requires very careful care to avoid problems. Owners should check their dog’s ears regularly for odor, inflammation, and earwax buildup. If there is not much ear wax, there is not much to worry about. Ear wax has a natural protective effect on the ear canal. Only excessive ear wax buildup needs to be cleaned. Clean your dog’s ears with a cotton ball moistened with ear drops.

However, if ear wax builds back up after a week of cleaning it is time to see a doctor, which is a sign that your puppy has ear mites. A healthy dog’s ears should not have wounds or nicks and be sensitive to sound. Turn the ear over, the ear canal is clean with no sticky discharge, no odor, and the inside of the ear is pink in color. If the dog is always tilting its head, shaking its ears unnaturally, or rubbing its ears against walls and furniture, its ears are probably uncomfortable. It should be examined carefully and treated promptly depending on the situation.

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Check your dog’s ear canals frequently. If you notice your dog scratching his ears a lot, or constantly shaking his head and wiggling his ears, this indicates a problem with the ear canal and should be examined carefully. Whether a dog’s ears are large and loosely hanging or short like a cat’s, they need careful care. If ear wax and buildup is not cleaned, ear hair is not removed and moisture is not dried, it can lead to infection. Check your dog’s ears daily. If the dog is used to it, the touch of a professional groomer or doctor will make the dog feel comfortable. Take extra time to address ear problems during regular monthly grooming.


Three, the full secret of dog oral cleaning


West Highland White Terrier


Three, the full secret of dog oral cleaning

A dog’s mouth is usually more hygienic. Therefore, generally healthy dogs do not need special cleaning of their teeth, only in dogs with dental problems such as: accumulation of tartar, food debris left between the teeth, or tooth decay can lead to the proliferation of bacteria in the dog’s mouth, which can greatly affect the dog’s digestive function and even affect its health. According to analysis, oral diseases can account for 20% of digestive system diseases, indirectly caused by the disease can occupy 60%. This is why it is a famous saying that disease enters through the mouth !

1. Oral diseases mainly include

Bleeding and swollen teeth, tongue tearing ulcers, inflammation of the oral mucosa, alveolar abscesses, oculitis, periodontitis, and other diseases. The occurrence of these diseases is largely inseparable from the lack of attention to oral hygiene and improper oral care that dog owners usually provide to their dogs. Therefore, it is very important to clean the dog’s mouth. You can rinse your dog’s mouth with water or 1% salt water, while the teeth can be wiped with a cloth and brushed with a toothbrush


If you choose to brush your teeth, you should brush them once a week. The toothbrush should be soft. In fact, you can brush your dog’s teeth as long as you wet the toothbrush first and then squeeze in toothpaste. However, to give the dog a chance to get used to it, you can wrap your index finger in gauze dipped in a little saline and wipe the caries and teeth, gently pricking the caries; as the dog slowly gets used to it, you can dip it in a little special pet toothpaste the toothpaste doesn’t need to be rinsed, you can let it swallow dry and brush! This may go on for 2 weeks after the dog is fully acclimated, then brush with the dog’s special toothbrush.

2. Brushing method

A toothbrush is a very effective way to remove tartar from your dog’s teeth. Most veterinarians often brush their pets’ teeth when they introduce oral hygiene. It is very important that the toothbrush should be soft and shaped to fit the pet’s mouth and teeth. Pet toothpaste is scented to absorb the scent of not rinsing the mouth. Do not use toothpaste and bicarbonate of soda, which often contain ingredients that dogs cannot tolerate.

The other day, as usual, when you hold it, simply brush it. A minute or two of gently stroking the cheek with your finger can be appropriately protective and praiseworthy. Put a little animal toothpaste on your finger and let your pet taste it. After a few days, it will get used to this. Your pet likes the toothpaste, then consider how to treat it and then guide your pet to use a toothbrush or hand brush, foam a little toothpaste on the toothbrush, gently lift the upper lip and gently brush the teeth and gums along the toothbrush, slowly in a circular motion. Gradually increase the amount of brushing you do each day, but go slow, don’t brush too far, and increase the brushing time to about 30 seconds, brushing to every corner. After brushing, you should give your pet some praise and rewards. If you have any questions about brushing your pet’s teeth you can contact your veterinarian.

If your dog has tartar now, squeeze some toothpaste with a tampon soaked in cold boiling water to clean it off. But if you’re not confident enough, better go to a professional vet for help! To avoid hurting the dog’s dental flesh. If you can’t brush your teeth, your vet will refer your pet to an antibacterial cleaner or detergent. This is made specifically for pets. Daily use will slowly remove the buildup from the teeth.

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It is best to start when your dog is 6 months old and brush his teeth 2 to 3 times a week, if you stick to it for a long time, you will surely get the desired care. The best way to prevent dental disease is to avoid the formation of tartar. Be careful not to give your dog too single food in general. The recipe will be changed and adjusted every once in a while, and do not let your dog eat food that is too soft and too wet. You can let your dog eat more bones and vegetable sticks. Dry foods, such as hard cookies, and those gummy toys specially made for dogs are also good choices to help clean the dog’s mouth. Usually more attention to vitamin Japanese medication supplements can reduce the incidence of oral disease.


Four, the full secret of dog foot cleaning

It's healthier to trim your dog's nails regularly

title=”It’s healthier to trim your dog’s nails regularly”

Scottish Shepherd


IV. The full secret of dog foot cleaning

1. Prepare the tools

Toenail clippers;>

or nail polishing tools;>

Hemostatic pencils or powders, silver nitrate sticks, or other clotting agents to prevent bleeding;>

Baby oil;>

Small prizes up to the size of a fingernail >

[2. Nail Art Method]

① Sit the dog on a grooming table or on the floor, facing the owner. A slightly larger dog can stand on the floor. The owner stands or half kneels next to the dog, facing the opposite direction. Behind the dog, it is beneficial to lift the sole of the foot for trimming kneel on the right knee to trim the dog’s right paw, kneel on the left knee corresponding to the left paw.

② Gently lift the dog’s paw with your left hand and hold the toenail blade in your right hand holding the blade in your left hand, in the opposite direction. With the blade parallel to the bottom of the dog’s foot, cut the toe under the tender flesh.

③ If the dog feels more comfortable, the owner can sit on the floor. The dog is between the legs and the head is next to the feet. This way, the toenails will be facing you and you can see the inside of the toenails.

④ Use a toenail file or polishing tool to smooth and roughen the toenails. Use the electric file for a limited time at a time to train the dog and help eliminate his fear: first, show the dog the electric file; then, start the electric file but do not contact the dog; finally, touch the toenails a little at a time and send more prizes to recognize his bravery in the presence of the electric file.

⑤ When polishing or shining the nails, you can apply baby oil to each toenail and foot pad to keep it moist. However, don’t apply too much or your dog’s soles will slip easily. Or instead of applying oil, you can use a bit of dog nail.

⑥Yes, the nails are done. A dog’s toenails are both beautiful and healthy. Repair and cut them short often so the dog gets used to the nail routine, ultimately ensuring healthy and free movement of the legs and feet. Now, the monthly routine is basically over. But we also need to check the more subtle areas to make sure the dog is healthy and tidy.

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Toenail trimming is part of the monthly grooming routine. You can always trim the toenails at first, or take a bath and blow dry them. A bath will soften the toenails and make trimming easier, especially for larger dogs with thick toenails. Weekly trimming only requires cutting between the toes, once a month; weekly trimming will inhibit the growth of tender flesh and discolor the veins of the toenails, making them shorter without the risk of bleeding; weekly trimming is more habitual and the dog will get used to the nails faster; weekly trimming is more frequent and easier and does not cause a great deal of stress to the dog. These short-term routines, combined with lots of practice and a tasty prize or toy bone, will make the dog feel comfortable and honored.

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