From birth to growth, dogs go through different age stages. Dogs at different stages require different care and different food requirements. I’m sure it goes without saying that we all know that the same methods used for adult dogs cannot be used for newborn dogs! The following small series will teach you how to raise dogs of different ages:>
[First Lactating Puppy
Nursing puppies are fragile. Inadequate nutrition and poor environmental conditions can easily lead to disease and death. Therefore, in addition to breastfeeding, it is very important to strengthen daily management.
1. For the first 4 days after delivery, the owner should check the bitch frequently for stress and breastfeeding. 5 days later, you can take advantage of the wind and warm weather to bring the dog outdoors and sunbathe with the bitch, usually twice a day for about half an hour each time, to let her breathe fresh air; use ultraviolet light to kill bacteria on the dog; promote bone development and prevent osteochondrosis.
2. When the puppy can walk, it can be put outside to walk, the beginning of a short time, and then gradually extended. 13 days or so, the puppy can open their eyes, avoiding strong light stimulation, so as not to damage the eyes. 20 days later, in sunny weather, the mother can take the puppy in the hospital, the time is not limited, to me or rainy days to send real estate room; if the puppy is wet by the rain, immediately dry with a dry towel, put back to the nest, pay attention to insulation to prevent colds . Give the puppy a toenail trim for about 20 days to avoid scratching the bitch’s udder while nursing.
3. Purify the dewormer with dewormer for 30 days, then once a month. Puppies tend to stick to the dirt. In the early stage, the bitch can always lick it off but don’t care in the future. Owners need to wipe and bathe frequently, once every 2~3 days to keep the body clean. In short, the feeding management of nursing puppies should be well nourished, sleep, proper activity and hygiene.
The most critical period for the healthy growth of a dog is the nursing care of the dog, because the death rate of newborn dogs is relatively high, especially for some small dogs, and the mother may give birth to 5-6 babies or more in one litter, and the mother cannot take good care of each one, so the owner’s care of the newborn dog is extremely important.
[Second Puppy Management]
Adapting to a new environment
When a puppy arrives in a new environment, it is often highly nervous due to fear of the face and any louder sounds and movements may frighten it, so to avoid noise, not to mention teasing out of curiosity and lots of people watching. It is best to put it directly in the kennel or rest indoors and approach it after a period of acclimatization.
2. Daily management
First of all, it is important to do a good job of hygiene for the puppy to strengthen its body and prevent diseases. Puppies have thin skin and should be brushed gently to make them feel comfortable and willing to cooperate and develop the habit of grooming. Pay attention to hygiene and keep the kennel dry. Do some exercise and sunbathing. Proper exercise can enhance the metabolism and promote the development of bones and muscles. However, the amount of exercise should not be too much, mainly uncontrollable free activities. Vigorous exercise can lead to uneven body development and affect appetite and appetite.
Once the puppy is old enough, it should be taken outdoors to exercise its ability to adapt to the outside environment, develop its courage, and begin training.
3. Deworming and vaccination prophylaxis
Puppies are susceptible to parasitic diseases such as roundworms, which can seriously affect their growth and development and even lead to death. Therefore, regular deworming is very important. Generally, the first fecal examination and deworming is done at 30 days old, and then regular sampling and deworming is done once a month. To prevent environmental pollution, feces and insects discharged after deworming should be concentrated and fermented.
The food you feed your puppy should be something the dog particularly likes to eat, such as meat and bones, but it may not be eaten at first, so don’t worry about forcing it to eat it; it will eat automatically as it gets used to it. If he gets out of his kennel or walks freely indoors, this means he is primed for his new environment.
In addition, two things that puppies must be aware of from the beginning are training the dog to sleep in a regular place and training the dog to urinate in a regular place.
[Third Bitch Management]
a Management of bitches in heat
Normal bitches are found twice a year. The best time to mate is in the morning or evening in summer and at noon in winter. It is best not to feed or overfeed before mating to avoid vomiting. Do not look too much during mating to avoid frightening and influencing during the mating process.
Because of the special structure of the male dog’s penis and the long mating time, the female dog should be prevented from sitting or falling during mating to avoid damaging the male dog’s penis. After mating, the male dog’s penis will be automatically removed from the female’s vagina. The female dog should be put back into the kennel for quiet rest and to keep a record of the mating.
ii Management of pregnant women
The bitch should be given not only rich nutrition during pregnancy, but also carefully managed to create a quiet and comfortable environment for the fetus to develop properly.
3 Management of lactating bitches
Intensify grooming and cleaning of the bitch by bathing once a week and frequently wiping the udder with a cotton ball soaked in disinfectant and then rinsing with water so that the puppies do not inhale. When the weather is warm, the bitch should be walked outdoors at least twice a day, gradually increasing from half an hour to about an hour, but not strenuous exercise.
Do a good job of maternity ward hygiene, insist on daily cleaning, timely changing of pads, and disinfection of the maternity ward once a month. Pay attention to keep the maternity ward and the surrounding environment quiet, avoid greater noise or noise, bright light and other stimuli, so that the mother and puppies can rest well.
Inspect the bitch’s udder frequently for scratches on the ground or by puppy toes and paws. If trauma is found, treat it promptly to prevent bacterial infection after mastitis.
During nursing, we should always pay attention to test the puppy’s weight and observe how each puppy suckles. If the puppy does not gain weight on the second or third day, or if the mother does not want to feed, we should consider whether there is not enough breast milk; if the puppy does not suckle, runs around and makes noises from its nose, this means it cannot suckle out the breast milk. If the puppy is not getting enough to eat, it should be artificially nursed immediately.
[Fourth Aging Dog Management]
Generally, dogs begin to age from 7 to 8 years of age, but the degree of aging varies depending on the breed, environment, and management conditions. Older dogs often have deep affection with their owners . Therefore, older dogs should be treated according to their physiological characteristics using scientific feeding and management methods, and not according to the requirements of middle-aged dogs.
1. Provide good food that is not only good quality, protein rich, and fat rich, but also easy to chew and digest. The food should be soft or semi-runny and there should be less coarse fiber and other indigestible feeds. Older dogs generally have a poor appetite and reduced digestion due to a decreased sense of smell, so they should be fed more meals and less food, and provided with adequate drinking water.
2. Older dogs have reduced resistance and are afraid of both cold and heat. Therefore, we should do a good job to keep warm and prevent the heat. Normally, we should pay more attention to the dog’s behavior and find abnormalities for diagnosis and treatment.
3. Older dogs also change their temperament, becoming quieter and happier, less exercised, and more sleepy, but also easily fatigued, as they are no longer as lively and active as before. Therefore, it is important to take care to prevent fatigue when doing activities with older dogs. In addition, the coordination and neural control of muscles and joints in older dogs are much lower than in middle-aged dogs, and bones become weak. Therefore, older dogs should not perform complex and difficult movements to prevent muscle strains and fractures.
When you notice that your dog’s skin has become dry, loose, and inelastic, prone to skin diseases and increased hair loss; some dark hair, such as black or brown hair turning gray, and white hair around the head and mouth, it indicates that the dog has begun to age.
This time is not the same as before, and not as funny as before, but owners should not be disgusted. Dogs have feelings and owners need to take care of them, take special care of them and walk with them for the last time. If you love the dog, the dog will know it and it will return the favor in its own way Photo Tribe