I. Precautions for dogs during estrus and pregnancy




I. Precautions for dogs during estrus and pregnancy

1. Oestrus

Dogs are generally more pronounced in estrus than bitches. Bitches in estrus are irritable, make muddy courtship barks, lose their appetite, have a swollen pubic area, and urinate frequently. The most striking feature is the presence of blood mucus in the pubic area. About a week after estrus, the bitch’s labia begin to swell and bleeding decreases. If you touch your hand near the buttocks, bitches will bend their tails to one side, which means they start to need to mate.

2. Pregnancy

1 Characteristics: The average female dog’s pregnancy lasts about 63 days. After about twenty days after mating, the bitch will show no appetite and vomit. The appetite then returns to normal, the mammary glands gradually swell, and experienced breeders can feel the number of litters by hand after about the fourth week.

2 Care:During pregnancy, the bitch eats much more than usual and her abdomen will increase rapidly. This time must pay attention to give nutritious food, food can be added to some calcium powder, cod liver oil and other nutrients. At the same time, the bitch should do enough exercise and frequent sunbathing to promote the development of the fetus’ bones. Make sure the bitch has good physical strength and will not have a difficult delivery due to excessive weakness during labor. As the fetus grows, the bitch’s intestines will be compressed by the uterus, so be sure to eat less and more often, feeding 5-6 times a day. During the second trimester, do not let the bitch do strenuous exercise, especially jumping and climbing. Bathing should also be stopped.

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Keeping your dog on a leash when you go outside is essential to prevent your pet from getting lost and to avoid fights between pets that can cause unnecessary injuries. Pets also need to reach the appropriate biological age to breed. Generally speaking, pets over one year old can be bred when necessary. If a pet is too young when it comes into heat, it is not suitable for breeding for the time being. As a good and qualified owner, please give more care and attention to your little pet during this season so that your little pet can pass through the special period smoothly.


2. Pre-partum preparation and birth in dogs




2. Pre-partum preparation and birth in dogs

1. Antenatal preparation

What you need to prepare is to put a shallow and wide thick cardboard box in the delivery room, covered with old clothes or old cotton pads, newspapers, and usually close the doors and windows to prevent the birth from catching a cold. The delivery room is best kept away from the door and should be chosen in the quietest part of the house, while considering a nighttime birth, with a 20-watt heat lamp for lighting. You can find a small cardboard heating box for the upcoming dog that can be lined with soft towels and the pan can be kept warm. There are also scissors, threads and hot towels. These things should be sterilized and set aside before delivery.

2. Dog production

1 Time of delivery: Usually delivery occurs mainly in the early morning or evening, and the length of delivery time varies depending on the amount of delivery and the physical quality of the bitch. Generally speaking, the interval between each fetus is 3 to 4 hours, for 10 to 30 minutes. Under normal circumstances, the bitch will instinctively handle everything properly, especially some local dogs, the delivery is rarely a problem, but some precious reward dogs and dogs, this instinct is very poor and need help, therefore, during the delivery, someone should observe and deal with the problem in time. If the first fetus can be delivered successfully, other fetuses are usually not difficult to deliver.

2 Birth process: Dogs born for the first time may remain relatively ignorant. The main signs before delivery are constant urination, great irritability, and scratching at walls. The body temperature suddenly drops. The mother dog often lies on her side, constantly reviews her abdomen, works hard, moans, breathes faster, and then stretches her hind legs, and then you can see thin fluid coming out of the pussy gate first, and then follicles exposing the first litter output.

At this point the fetus is still encased in its membranes and the first dog is born. You give birth, you help the mother dog cut the umbilical cord, quickly cut the fetal clothes, and remove the dog, this time having to move the dog’s mouth, head down, so you can stop when you hear the little one bark. The goal is to get the amniotic fluid out of the dog’s mouth to prevent choking from the blocked airway. Cut up to three pieces of fetal clothing for the dog, otherwise it will have indigestion. Tie the umbilical cord with a thread, close to the belly, and it will fall off in three to five days.

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After the first month of pregnancy, it is best not to bathe your dog to avoid difficult births or inflammation of the birth canal. Wipe with a wet towel and pay attention to the following cleaning. It is best to comb Snow’s hair once a day, as it is easy to get tangled without a bath, and some cylinders are straight t light. Three days before the birth of the puppy to watch out for puppies being crushed, make sure the little one drink the first sip of milk from the mother dog within 3 hours after birth, this is the first line of defense for the baby’s survival!


III. Postpartum care for dogs

Dutch Maui

title=”Dutch Maui”

Dutch Mouflon

III. Postpartum care for dogs

Never take a shower

After a bitch gives birth, the vulva, tail, and udder become dirty and unclean; wash and dry them with warm water without disturbing their rest. Change the contaminated pads and pay attention to the heat and moisture of the delivery room. Do not bathe to prevent the water from getting infected with the backflow of the open pubic door. Dogs do not bathe during the nursing period, there are many dogs mm bath after the milk is provoked back, the little one did not eat, it is difficult to raise.

2. Vigilant observation

Due to excessive physical exertion, the body is very weak, the small family live at this time there is no hearing, no vision only smell action inflexible, pay special attention to prevent the mother dog squeezed bb, if you hear the puppy barking briefly, you should immediately go to observe, in time to remove the squeezed little one. A common situation is postpartum mm panting, haha soon, this is caused by a lack of calcium, eat some liquid calcium absorbed well, conditioning will be fine. Even if you gave her a lot of calcium during pregnancy, you will still have this performance. Especially dog mm with many children.

3. Feeding nutrients

Bitches generally do not eat for 6 hours after delivery. Except for urination, they always rest in the nest. At this time, they can be given warm water. For two or three days after delivery, bitches remain uninterested in eating. Therefore, egg yolk is a good nutritional supplement and should be fed high and low quality food several times a day.

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Postpartum dogs can sometimes be very irritable, running the floor, scratching the walls This behavior usually manifests itself as the bitch being more cautious and not wanting the baby to be disturbed, or killing time, telling you that the attention is not the little one, I am important too. Territorially conscious dogs refuse to be visited by strangers because bitches have a strong nurse instinct after giving birth and are very sensitive to strangers to protect their children and will attack bystanders and even eat the dog!


IV. Common problems after the birth of a female dog

Causes and symptoms of pneumonia in pet dogs

title=”Causes and symptoms of pneumonia in pet dogs”


IV. Common problems after the birth of a female dog

1. For malignant discharge and bleeding from the pubic gate, a postpartum fastidious or fishy injection is needed to promote uterine contraction. Go to the hospital is this, the name may be different. After delivery, you can eat mother’s wort and brown sugar water to play the role of warming the palace and help the dog mm to recover quickly.

2. No appetite. Common puppies beware of placentas eat more and can be injected with feeding shots.

3. Insufficient milk, boil carp or pig’s foot white soup to start the milk effect. Milk gradually decreases after 14 days, but children’s needs are increasing. Be prepared to replace milk.

4. Force her to feed the puppies. Some bitches are poor mothers and do not want to take care of their puppies and must be severely chastised. For bitches who don’t care for their puppies, WantYPets.com suggests that there are also measures that can be taken, such as grabbing a puppy, making it scream, and then the bitch will be eager to bring it back, which may awaken her maternal instincts.

5. Help the puppy to excrete feces. To stimulate the puppy’s elimination, the bitch must lick the puppy’s buttocks with her tongue. If the bitch does not lick, you can apply cream near the puppy’s anus to induce the bitch to lick and help the puppy expel the feces.

6. Supplemental nutrition. It is best to feed the bitch some warm water containing milk, eggs or calcium gluconate immediately after delivery to replenish abdominal pressure on the one hand and promote physical recovery on the other. 5~6 hours later feeding, the first few days feeding nutritious fluid feed such as milk eggs, meat porridge, etc.. The first few days, feed dry feed gradually after a week.

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Brown mucus comes out of the birth canal for 1 to 2 weeks after parturition and then gradually turns into colorless and clear fluid. If the mucus that comes out is black and has a foul odor, check if her body temperature is normal and get veterinary attention promptly. After a bitch gives birth, her body and breasts will be covered with a lot of dirt. Wipe with a hot wet towel to keep the body surface clean. Pay attention to the mother dog’s breastfeeding. If you do not breastfeed your puppy, find out the reason and take appropriate measures in time. Bitches that are nursing less can be fed milk or pork claw soup, fish soup or pork lung soup to increase lactation.

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