I. Acute gastric catarrh
Gastrointestinal catarrh, or catarrhal gastroenteritis, is an inflammation of the gastrointestinal mucosal surface with gastrointestinal nerve disturbances and digestive dysfunction.
The sick dog has a poor or abolished appetite. Sometimes there is a licking fetish, swallowing discomfort, bitterness, nauseating items, and a strong desire. Lousy breath, yawning. Bowel sounds are sparse and sometimes constipated. Abdominal pain is pronounced, forelimbs are stretched forward, and the body lies in the cold. Palpation is of the stomach is sensitive and painful. Vomiting is one of the main symptoms, starting with vomiting of mucus and gastric juice, sometimes mixed with blood, bile and mucosal debris. Due to vomiting, symptoms of dehydration, sunken eye sockets and reduced skin elasticity.
Bait therapy: Food should be stopped for 24 hours and drinking water should be restricted. after 24 hours, give porridge, etc. Take care to eat less and more often.
Elimination of stomach contents: It is not necessary to stop vomiting at the beginning of the illness, but it is harmful to stop vomiting. Because the stomach is full or eating irritating substances, vomiting can reduce the stomach burden and expel toxic contents. At the beginning of the disease, you can use apomorphine hydrochloride 3-5ml subcutaneous injection of emesis to expel harmful substances in the stomach. If necessary, give the dog 20-50ml of paraffin oil or enema, which can quickly remove the stomach contents.
Sedation to stop vomiting: Quiet rest, 1-2 tablets of oral metoclopramide twice a day when injected intramuscularly with chlorpromazine 1 ml/kg of body weight. You can drink coffee or chamomile tea from time to time, which can relieve vomiting. Severe vomiting can lead to water and electrolyte disturbances. Compound sodium chloride solution or 5% dextrose solution can be given intravenously.
Gastric pain: To stimulate gastric juice secretion and relieve loss of appetite, dilute hydrochloric acid was given 3 times a day at 0.2-1.0 ml each time, diluted with water. Pepsin 0.1-0.5g, add dilute hydrochloric acid, etc., dissolve in water, and cast before feeding. Put 10-20 drops of bitter tincture or gentian tincture into water and throw it in before feeding.
Give yeast tablets, lactase, etc. to promote increased appetite.
The acute gastrointestinal card in dogs is a common clinical condition. It is characterized clinically by digestive disturbances, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever and metabolic acid alkaline poisoning mainly due to improper food feeding, meat overload or consumption of spoiled food, and indigestion. The incidence of gastrointestinal disorders is high due to weak constitution and digestive function and can be seen in dogs of all ages, sexes and breeds.
Acute gastric card in dogs is a common digestive tract disorder. Most of the food is caused by indigestible or spoiled and rotten food. Heavy vomiting in sick dogs leads to water loss and thirst, but heavy drinking exacerbates the vomiting symptoms in sick dogs. Finally, crying, struggling everywhere, sinking eyes and water loss can lead to death of the pet dog if rescue is not timely or treated correctly. Therefore, small owners must pay attention to the scientific feeding management of dogs, ensure the cleanliness of feed and drinking water, do not feed moldy feed; regular quantitative feeding, reasonable modulation of feed.
Chronic gastric cata
- 1 Acute gastric katas experience no healing or recurrent action and become chronic gastric katas.
- 2 A foreign body lodged in the stomach chronically irritates the gastric mucosa over a long period.
- 3 Neurological and endocrine dysfunction can also lead to chronic gastric card.
- 1 Mental depression, excellent or bad appetite, recalcitrant vomiting after eating, and sometimes heterophilia.
- 2 Sick dogs and cats are malnourished, weak, and gradually wasting away. Anemia can occur in a few cases with visible pale and sometimes yellowish mucous membranes.
- 3 Sometimes abdominal pain and black feces in case of stomach bleeding.
[3. Prevention and control]
Strengthening management: Strengthen feeding management and actively treat primary diseases. Feed a small amount of easily digestible food.
Gastric antispasmodic: When stomach acid is lacking, take dilute hydrochloric acid 0.2 to 0.5 ml, pepsin 0.1 to 0.5 g orally, 3 times/day, or bitter stomachic medicine. In case of excessive gastric acid secretion, take 0.1 to 0.5 g of proglutamine orally, 3 times/day, or 5 to 10 mg of meclizine per kg of body weight, 2 times/day.
Symptomatic treatment: In vomiting cases, intramuscular injection of vitamin B6 0.1 to 0.4 g 2 times/day. Intramuscular injection of 2 to 4 mL of Aniloxin, bleeding 3 times/day. In cases of anemia, deep intramuscular injection of 20 to 100 mg of iron dextran; or oral ferrous sulfate, 0.05 to 0.5 g in dogs and 0.01 to 0.2 times/day 05 g in cats. If there is abdominal pain, intramuscular injection of 654-2, 0.3 mg in dogs and 0.1 mg in cats; intramuscular injection of 30,000 to 60,000 international units of gentamicin for anti-inflammation, 2 times/day, etc.
Chronic gastric card is a nonspecific inflammatory disease with severe lack of gastric mucosal atrophy, hypertrophy, and gastric digestive juices. This disease occurs primarily in older dogs and cats. We typically use whole-gut medications to treat chronic gastric card in horses.
Due to the mechanical damage and toxins of the parasite causing varying degrees of digestive dysfunction and inadequate nutrient supply to some tissues and organs in the digestive system. Therefore, sick dogs have prolonged diarrhea, anemia, large abdomen, edema, weakness, fatigue and loss of appetite. Therefore, after exorcising the internal parasites, it is necessary to use Chinese herbs to dispel evil, strengthen the spleen, stop diarrhea, restore gastrointestinal function, enhance physical fitness and improve immunity.
Foreign body in the stomach
Deficiencies in vitamins and trace elements paralyze dogs, eating some rocks, sand, metal, and plastic; dogs swallow foreign objects while practicing or playing; individual dogs often like to chew on stray things and small stones and swallow them into their stomachs.
Clinical symptoms vary depending on the size of the foreign body in the stomach. When the foreign body in the stomach is a metal or sharp object e.g., fish hook, glass inch wire, etc., clinical symptoms of acute gastritis appear: abdominal pain, non-eating, vomiting, and blood in the vomit. Puncture of the stomach wall by a sharp object can cause symptoms of peritonitis. The presence of general foreign bodies in the stomach, such as small stones, wooden blocks, peach kernels, bone blocks, etc., presents clinically with chronic gastric catarrhal symptoms, with intermittent appetite, a history of interrupted vomiting, and progressive wasting.
- 1 Depending on whether the owner’s eyes eat foreign objects.
- 2 Good and bad appetite, interrupted vomiting, wasting, and heterophonic paralysis according to clinical symptoms.
- 3 The foreign body type can be found using radiographs or imaging.
[4. Prevention and control]
1 Instill 10-40 mL of paraffin oil and 5-20 mL of edible vinegar to allow foreign bodies to pass through the intestines.
2 Gastrotomy to remove foreign bodies in dogs that cannot expel them.
Tip: Feed your dog with the right amount of vitamins and trace elements. Do not expose your dog to foreign objects to prevent ingestion.
Objects such as stones, bones, metals, plastics, and hairballs remain in the dog’s stomach for a long time and cannot be digested by gastric juices, vomited or expelled through the intestines, resulting in damage to the gastric mucosa and affecting gastric function.
If you’re sure it’s not foam, cotton and other soft stuff, you can start by pouring sesame oil on the dog he can drink it himself. If he doesn’t drink it, pour it in with a needle, being careful not to choke, and slowly pour it in along his mouth. Once 15 ml my 11 pounds of dog instill 20 ml, once an hour instillation, instillation out of the slip, let him move, instillation he pulled out of the sesame oil and foreign matter, that the intestines through, basically fine. The first thing you need to do is to get a good idea of what you are getting into.
IV. Stomach bleeding
Dogs eat toxin-laden or mold, moths, or accidental ingestion of toxic substances that damage the intestinal mucosa and its deeper tissues, some due to improper feeding, sudden changes in feed, and feed containing foreign irritants. In addition, it is secondary to gastrointestinal catarrhal inflammation, intestinal obstruction, infectious diseases and parasitic diseases.
The sick dog is depressed, appetite is diminished or abolished, and diet is often reduced. Later, due to dysentery, the body of the sick dog becomes dehydrated, resulting in an increased desire to eat and drink, dry lousy breath, dark red color, early feces, and feces adhering to mucus. When inflammation progresses to the large intestine, dysentery develops, with the discharge of watery, foul-smelling wastes mixed with undigested feed, blood, mucus, or shed necrotic tissue. Severe anal flaccidity, fecal incontinence autointoxication and dehydration are aggravated, with chills in the ears, nose and extremities, and conjunctival congestion, sometimes with xanthogranuloma. Some neurological symptoms, such as excitement, spasms or lethargy, and death quickly.
Acute gastric bleeding is determined primarily by acute vomiting of blood and black stools.
[4. Prevention and control]
Anti-inflammatory sterilization: 10,000 units of gentamicin per kilogram of body weight, injected intramuscularly twice daily and doubled the oral dose.
Rehydration and detoxification: glucose saline, 30 mL per kg; 5% sodium bicarbonate, 2 mL per kg, intravenously.
Antiemetic: Gastrodia, 1-2 mg per kg body weight, intramuscularly, twice daily.
Hemostasis: hemostatic sensitivity, 15-20 mg per kg body weight, intramuscularly, twice daily; or vitamin K3 0.2-0. vitamin 3 mg Kl 1 mg per kg body weight, intramuscularly, twice daily
The problem of eating after gastric bleeding should generally be governed by the following principles: start eating fluids, rice soup, lotus powder is better, and drink moderate amounts of milk. Do not drink foods that are too acidic and too sweet; these will increase acid production. Small and frequent meals, warm diet, too hot food may dilate the blood vessels of the gastric mucosa, which is not conducive to hemostasis.
The other is to insist on treatment; outside is not a pet store to buy a dog generally not particularly good health, because the dealer does not have enough time to sell the mother dog’s milk, do not eat them, so the resistance is not good, the stomach is naturally sour, hungry, like people, hungry naturally eat blood. My family dog is also sick, give it more love, touch it more to encourage it . Insist on treatment. In addition to injections, you have to take medication. Eat some rare food, do not give big bones fish these it eat, currently not hard, raising pets with care, the dog knows. Hope your dog can be healthy sooner and the owner happy to play together.